Safe and Responsible Driving 8

This test contains 40 questions from the Safe and Responsible Driving category. You must score 35 out of 40 to pass. You may check your answers as you progress or wait for your final score after finishing your test. Best of luck!

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A A pedestrian crossing on a pedestrian street.
B A pedestrian crossing with 'look right' painted on the roadway.
C A pedestrian crossing with flashing amber lights.
D An uncontrolled pedestrian crossing place.
Correct Answer: D An uncontrolled pedestrian crossing place.
Explanation: Pedestrians should only enter uncontrolled crossing places (courtesy crossing) ensuring that all traffic is aware of their presence if crossing the road. Motorists entering uncontrolled crossing places (courtesy crossing) should react by driving very slowly, and be aware of the potential dangers of pedestrians using the area.
A It allows traffic to change course without attention.
B It allows traffic to change speed without attention.
C It can cause additional incidents as drivers become distracted.
D It can increase traffic flow near an incident.
Correct Answer: C It can cause additional incidents as drivers become distracted.
Explanation: When approaching or being near to the scene of an incident, motorists are often seen 'rubbernecking'. This means turning your head and stretching your neck to get a better view of what's happening. It can be the cause of traffic jams as drivers slow down to 'rubberneck'. It can also cause road incidents as drivers become distracted and change their speed and/or direction while other drivers are also distracted.
A Brake suddenly and stop to avoid causing obstruction.
B Check their mirrors before looking for space to move aside.
C Mount kerb on offside of the road to make room.
D Only move aside if it is an ambulance.
Correct Answer: B Check their mirrors before looking for space to move aside.
Explanation: If you see any emergency vehicle approaching with lights and/or sirens activated, check your rear view mirrors to gauge the speed of the emergency vehicle/s and also look out for pedestrians, cyclists, motorcyclists and other road users. Indicate your intention to pull over. Pull over only in a space that has enough space for the emergency vehicle/s to pass safely. Move off safely with appropriate observations and signals after the emergency vehicle has passed.
A No, they are the same at all times.
B No, unless tested after 10.00 am.
C Yes, they are higher in the evening.
D Yes, they are lower in the mornings.
Correct Answer: A No, they are the same at all times.
Explanation: The limits for drink and drug driving do not change depending on the time of the day drivers are checked. Drink and drugs remain in the body for a period of time. A driver should think carefully before driving a vehicle the morning after taking drink or drugs, and be aware that they could still be well over the limit. (Rewritten)
A Brake suddenly to allow the emergency service vehicle to pass.
B Do nothing and ignore the emergency service vehicle.
C Increase speed to prevent obstructing the emergency service vehicle.
D React quickly, safely and carefully to allow the emergency service vehicle to pass.
Correct Answer: D React quickly, safely and carefully to allow the emergency service vehicle to pass.
Explanation: A driver needs to know what to do when they see an emergency vehicle. A driver must react quickly, safely and carefully to allow emergency service vehicles to pass. It is important to be alert and attentive at all times.
A Brake suddenly or block the road.
B Clear the way as soon as possible.
C Pull over in a place which has enough space for the emergency service vehicle to pass safely.
D React quickly, safely and carefully to allow the emergency service vehicle to pass.
Correct Answer: A Brake suddenly or block the road.
Explanation: A driver needs to know what to do when they see an emergency vehicle. A driver must react quickly, safely and carefully to allow emergency service vehicles to pass. It is important to be alert and attentive at all times.
A No except where the junction or road is clear, then a driver can break a red light or speed up to allow an emergency service vehicle to pass.
B No, a driver should never break a red light or speed up to allow an emergency service vehicle to pass.
C Yes, a driver may break the speed limit to allow an emergency service vehicle to pass.
D Yes, a driver may legally break a red light to allow an emergency service vehicle to pass.
Correct Answer: B No, a driver should never break a red light or speed up to allow an emergency service vehicle to pass.
Explanation: A driver needs to know what to do when they see an emergency vehicle. A driver must react quickly, safely and carefully to allow emergency service vehicles to pass. It is important to be alert and attentive at all times.
A Allow a maximum of 1 metre.
B Allow a maximum of 1.75 metres.
C Allow a minimum of 1 metre.
D Allow a minimum of 1.75 metres.
Correct Answer: C Allow a minimum of 1 metre.
Explanation: A driver should drive their vehicle far enough to the left to allow traffic to safely pass or overtake on the right, but not so far to the left that you are driving on a cycle lane or blocking or endangering cyclists or pedestrians. Where a driver wishes to overtake a cyclist and it is safe to do so, they should, if it is possible, give the recommended clearance depending on the speed limit area they are in.
A Allow a maximum of 1.5 metres.
B Allow a maximum of 1.75 metres.
C Allow a minimum of 1 metre.
D Allow a minimum of 1.5 metres.
Correct Answer: D Allow a minimum of 1.5 metres.
Explanation: A driver should drive their vehicle far enough to the left to allow traffic to safely pass or overtake on the right, but not so far to the left that you are driving on a cycle lane or blocking or endangering cyclists or pedestrians. Where a driver wishes to overtake a cyclist and it is safe to do so, they should, if it is possible, give the recommended clearance depending on the speed limit area they are in.
A Walk as part of a group.
B Walk on the left hand side of the road.
C Wear dark clothing.
D Wear high visibility clothing.
Correct Answer: D Wear high visibility clothing.
Explanation: Even with the best headlights, drivers can see less at night than during the day. Pedestrians and unlit bicycles are extremely difficult to see in the dark, particularly if they have to deal with the glare of oncoming lights. Pedestrians should always wear bright and hi-viz clothing during the day and reflective clothing at night when walking outside built-up areas.
A Anytime of day or night.
B Only after an accident.
C Only during daylight hours.
D Only during night time hours.
Correct Answer: A Anytime of day or night.
Explanation: The law allows for a driver to be tested at any time.
A €200 fine and 3 months driving disqualification.
B €200 fine and 3 penalty points.
C €200 fine and 5 penalty points.
D €200 fine and 6 months driving disqualification.
Correct Answer: A €200 fine and 3 months driving disqualification.
Explanation: Alcohol is a major factor in crashes that lead to death and injury. Research proves that even small amounts of alcohol affect your judgement and ability to drive. It is illegal to drive with alcohol levels above the legal limits.
A €100 fine and 6 months driving disqualification.
B €200 fine and 3 months driving disqualification.
C The penalties only apply over 80 mg (BAC).
D There are no penalties below 50 mg (BAC).
Correct Answer: B €200 fine and 3 months driving disqualification.
Explanation: Alcohol is a major factor in crashes that lead to death and injury. Research proves that even small amounts of alcohol affect your judgement and ability to drive. It is illegal to drive with alcohol levels above the legal limits.
A €200 fine and 3 months driving disqualification.
B €200 fine and 6 months driving disqualification.
C €400 fine and 3 months driving disqualification.
D €400 fine and 6 months driving disqualification.
Correct Answer: D €400 fine and 6 months driving disqualification.
Explanation: Alcohol is a major factor in crashes that lead to death and injury. Research proves that even small amounts of alcohol affect your judgement and ability to drive. It is illegal to drive with alcohol levels above the legal limits.
A Automatic disqualification for 12 months.
B Automatic disqualification for 3 months.
C Automatic disqualification for 4 years.
D Automatic disqualification for 6 years.
Correct Answer: D Automatic disqualification for 6 years.
Explanation: Alcohol is a major factor in crashes that lead to death and injury. Research proves that even small amounts of alcohol or drugs affect your judgement and ability to drive. It is illegal to drive with alcohol levels above the legal limits, or while under the influence of drugs. It is an offence to refuse to give a breath, blood or urine sample.
A No, they can't check until after midday.
B They can check for alcohol only.
C They can check for drugs only.
D Yes, they can check at any time.
Correct Answer: D Yes, they can check at any time.
Explanation: It is against the law to drive a car, motor bike, truck, bus, pedal bike or an animal-drawn vehicle while "under the influence of an intoxicant to such an extent as to be incapable of having control of the vehicle". Intoxicants include alcohol and drugs, whether taken separately or together. The word "drugs" here includes legal prescribed and over-the-counter (OTC) medicines.
A A breath sample.
B A driver's licence.
C A saliva sample.
D An insurance certificate.
Correct Answer: C A saliva sample.
Explanation: If a driver is stopped at a roadside check, they should be aware that, along with the impairment test, Gardaí can also request a saliva sample if they suspect the driver is driving under the influence of drugs.
A €3,000 fine and 12 months driving disqualification.
B €3,000 fine and 12 months in prison.
C €5,000 fine and 6 months driving disqualification.
D €5,000 fine and 6 months in prison.
Correct Answer: D €5,000 fine and 6 months in prison.
Explanation: Drivers should be aware of the severe penalties if they chose to drive having taken drugs and are detected. Drug driving is extremely dangerous due to the effect drugs have on the brain.
A Beckon the pedestrian to move along as quickly as possible.
B Rev the engine to encourage the pedestrian to hurry along.
C Sound the horn as a warning and proceed with care.
D Wait and let the pedestrian cross at their own pace.
Correct Answer: D Wait and let the pedestrian cross at their own pace.
Explanation: You must yield to pedestrians at a pelican crossing when the amber light is flashing.
A Gravelled surface.
B Icy surface.
C Smooth surface.
D Wet surface.
Correct Answer: B Icy surface.
Explanation: Lightness in steering indicates a loss of traction. This generally happens when the road surface is icy. Ice provides a harder, smoother surface than rain, or snow so it is difficult to avoid skidding and drivers should allow up to 10 times the normal braking distance in order to stop safely.
A Health & Safety Authority
B Local Garda Station or Traffic Watch.
C Road Safety Authority.
D Transport Infrastructure Ireland
Correct Answer: B Local Garda Station or Traffic Watch.
Explanation: Report all aggressive driving incidents to Traffic Watch or a Garda station. They are the best people to deal with aggressive driving.
A A €60 fine
B A €90 fine
C A one month disqualification from driving
D A three month disqualification from driving
Correct Answer: D A three month disqualification from driving
Explanation: The blood alcohol concentrate limit for novice/learner drivers is much lower than that of a driver who has held their full licence for more than two years (not a novice driver). Therefore as little as one unit of alcohol would result in the driver exceeding the lower limit.
A 46% and above
B Between 1 to 15 %
C Between 16 to 30 %
D Between 31 to 45 %
Correct Answer: D Between 31 to 45 %
Explanation: According to the Pre-Crash Report 2008-2012, alcohol was cited as a contributing factor in 38% of the 867 collisions on file.
A Between 36-70
B Between 71-90
C Less than 35
D More than 91
Correct Answer: B Between 71-90
Explanation: Alcohol was a contributory factor in fatal collisions. See Report.
Correct Answer: C 251-350
Explanation: Alcohol was a contributory factor in fatal collisions. See Report.
A Keep close to the vehicle in front.
B Switch off the engine and leave the vehicle.
C Switch on hazard warning lights.
D Walk to the nearest emergency exit.
Correct Answer: C Switch on hazard warning lights.
Explanation: If, when driving a vehicle through a tunnel, you meet traffic congestion, leave a safe distance between you and the vehicle in front and switch on your hazard warning lights when stationary.
A Keep the engine ticking over in a low gear.
B Only give hand signals.
C Switch off the engine.
D Switch on the fog lights.
Correct Answer: C Switch off the engine.
Explanation: If, when driving a vehicle through a tunnel, you are halted in stationary traffic for any length of time, you should switch off the engine to reduce fumes in the tunnel and conserve fuel.
A Beckon other traffic to overtake.
B Call for help from an emergency station.
C Reverse the vehicle to the exit.
D Wait in the vehicle for help to arrive.
Correct Answer: B Call for help from an emergency station.
Explanation: If there is a breakdown or crash in a tunnel, stop, switch off the engine, switch on the hazard warning lights, check the radio for instructions and use the emergency phone at the emergency station to call for help, check all electronic signs in the tunnel for information.
A Flag down a passing motorist and ask for help.
B Hitch a lift to the nearest service area and get help.
C Use the emergency telephone to call for help.
D Walk to the end of the tunnel to call the Gardaí.
Correct Answer: C Use the emergency telephone to call for help.
Explanation: If a driver's vehicle stops in a tunnel due to a breakdown, switch off the engine, switch on the hazard warning lights, check the radio for instructions and use the emergency phone at the emergency station to call for help, check all electronic signs in the tunnel for information.
A Beckon other traffic to overtake.
B Reverse the vehicle to the exit.
C Switch on the hazard warning lights.
D Wait in the vehicle for help to arrive.
Correct Answer: C Switch on the hazard warning lights.
Explanation: If a driver's vehicle stops in a tunnel due to a breakdown, switch off the engine, switch on the hazard warning lights, check the radio for instructions and use the emergency phone at the emergency station to call for help, check all electronic signs in the tunnel for information.
A Drive to the nearest emergency exit as quickly as possible.
B Leave the vehicle immediately and use the emergency phone at the nearest emergency station.
C Stay in the vehicle and phone the emergency station to report the fire.
D Wait for the tunnel traffic radio to announce the fire drill.
Correct Answer: B Leave the vehicle immediately and use the emergency phone at the nearest emergency station.
Explanation: If there is smoke or fire in the vehicle, switch off the engine, leave the vehicle immediately, go to the emergency station and use the emergency phone to alert the tunnel operator and leave the tunnel by the nearest available exit.
A Adjust speed to match that of the motorway traffic, and merge into a suitable gap.
B Drive on the hard shoulder for a distance until a suitable gap appears in the traffic.
C Stop on the slip road until a suitable gap appears in the traffic.
D Use the size of the vehicle to assert its position on the motorway.
Correct Answer: A Adjust speed to match that of the motorway traffic, and merge into a suitable gap.
Explanation: When joining a motorway from a slip road, drivers should adjust their speed to that of the motorway traffic on the acceleration lane and merge into a suitable gap in Lane 1. Do not force other traffic to swerve or slow down to avoid your vehicle.
A Listen attentively to the radio.
B Roll down the window and allow fresh air in.
C Stop, park in a safe place and have a cup of coffee.
D Turn up the temperature in the vehicle.
Correct Answer: C Stop, park in a safe place and have a cup of coffee.
Explanation: If a driver continues to drive fighting sleep it can be the same as being over the drink driving limit. Stopping the vehicle in a safe place, drinking caffeine and taking a nap for 15 minutes will revive the driver allowing them to continue for a short period.
A It can distort the rear vision of the driver.
B It can keep them clean.
C It can short-circuit the electrically heated mirrors.
D It has no effect.
Correct Answer: A It can distort the rear vision of the driver.
Explanation: When driving in the rain, water droplets can adhere to the exterior mirrors and obscure the driver's view to the side and rear of the vehicle. If the vehicle has heated mirrors, turn them on to clear them. Alternatively, stop periodically to clear them manually.
A Check the weather forecast for the planned route.
B Increase tyre pressure to ensure better grip on the road.
C Reduce tyre pressures to ensure better grip on the road.
D Top up the windscreen washer reservoir with coolant.
Correct Answer: A Check the weather forecast for the planned route.
Explanation: Driving in adverse weather conditions is more dangerous and more tiring. Drivers should check the weather forecast and weather warnings and other sources for information on the expected conditions on the intended route, and allow extra time to complete the journey.
A Increase tyre pressure to ensure better grip on the road.
B Reduce tyre pressure to ensure better grip on the road.
C Top up the gearbox with coolant.
D Top up the windscreen washer reservoir.
Correct Answer: D Top up the windscreen washer reservoir.
Explanation: Before starting a long journey in adverse weather the driver should ensure that there is sufficient fluid in the windscreen washer bottle in order to keep the windscreen clear in these conditions.
A Always keep close to the left and use short, sharp brake applications to keep the speed down.
B Engage a higher gear than normal in order to avoid wheel-spin.
C Engage a lower gear early and use gentle braking applications to keep the speed down.
D Keep the clutch depressed and use gentle braking.
Correct Answer: C Engage a lower gear early and use gentle braking applications to keep the speed down.
Explanation: In snow or ice, a vehicle takes longer to stop. Before starting a steep descent in a large vehicle, the driver should reduce speed and select a lower gear, brake gently and only when needed. If the vehicle is fitted with a manually selectable retarder, engage it before starting the descent.
A Apply the exhaust brake and switch off the engine.
B Apply the parking brake and switch off the engine.
C Leave the engine running with the exhaust brake on.
D Leave the engine running with the parking brake on.
Correct Answer: B Apply the parking brake and switch off the engine.
Explanation: Before you leave your vehicle, apply the parking brake and switch off the ignition. Check to make sure that you can open the door safely without endangering others, and alight when it is safe to do so.
A Check that you have sufficient fuel.
B Disengage the global positioning system (GPS).
C Register at the first tunnel station.
D Turn on side lights only.
Correct Answer: A Check that you have sufficient fuel.
Explanation: If your route takes you through a tunnel, you must ensure that your vehicle has sufficient fuel to safely pass through.
A Drive close to the vehicle in front.
B Pull down the visor to eliminate overhead light glare.
C Take off sunglasses.
D Wear sunglasses to prevent glare from the lights.
Correct Answer: C Take off sunglasses.
Explanation: Be aware that there is considerably less light available in a tunnel, even with the tunnel lights on. To improve your vision remove your sunglasses before entering the tunnel.