Safe and Responsible Driving 7

This test contains 40 questions from the Safe and Responsible Driving category. You must score 35 out of 40 to pass. You may check your answers as you progress or wait for your final score after finishing your test. Best of luck!

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A Anti-lock brakes will be automatically disengaged.
B The steering wheel will pull to one side.
C The steering wheel will stay in the straight on position.
D The wheels will lock up and stop rotating.
Correct Answer: B The steering wheel will pull to one side.
Explanation: If a front tyre on the vehicle you are driving blows out, you will feel the effect of it through the steering wheel. The wheel will generally pull to the side of the blown-out tyre.
A It could cause the vehicle to sway from side to side.
B It could cause the wheels to lock and stop rotating.
C The handbrake will automatically come on.
D The steering wheel will pull to the right.
Correct Answer: A It could cause the vehicle to sway from side to side.
Explanation: If a rear tyre on the vehicle you are driving blows out, the vehicle may sway from side to side, and this will affect its stability. Slow down, pull in where it is safe to do so, and switch on the hazard warning lights. Change the wheel or call for assistance.
A Apply the footbrake gently and bring the vehicle to a halt.
B Apply the handbrake immediately to help bring the vehicle to a halt.
C Sound the horn to attract the attention of the other driver and take evasive action.
D Switch off the engine ignition to help bring the vehicle to a halt.
Correct Answer: C Sound the horn to attract the attention of the other driver and take evasive action.
Explanation: If there is an oncoming vehicle in your path, take evasive action and sound your horn to alert the other driver. Bring your vehicle to a halt immediately.
A Apply the handbrake and the footbrake together.
B Decelerate and apply the footbrake firmly.
C Depress clutch and switch off the ignition.
D Slowly brake and switch off the ignition.
Correct Answer: B Decelerate and apply the footbrake firmly.
Explanation: To stop your vehicle in an emergency, apply the footbrake firmly, and maintain the pressure until the vehicle stops. Depress the clutch pedal just before stopping.
A Apply the footbrake firmly.
B Apply the handbrake and the footbrake together.
C Depress the clutch and then apply the handbrake.
D Steer sharply to one side and apply the handbrake.
Correct Answer: A Apply the footbrake firmly.
Explanation: To stop your vehicle in an emergency, apply the footbrake firmly, and maintain the pressure until the vehicle stops. Depress the clutch pedal just before stopping.
A Apply both the clutch and handbrake.
B Apply firm pressure on the footbrake.
C Apply gentle pressure to the footbrake.
D Press the footbrake and engage a higher gear.
Correct Answer: B Apply firm pressure on the footbrake.
Explanation: To stop your vehicle in an emergency, apply the footbrake firmly, and maintain the pressure until the vehicle stops. Depress the clutch pedal just before stopping.
A Apply the footbrake and engage a higher gear.
B Apply the footbrake firmly.
C Depress the clutch pedal and engage a lower gear.
D Switch off the ABS system.
Correct Answer: B Apply the footbrake firmly.
Explanation: To stop your vehicle in an emergency, apply the footbrake firmly, and maintain the pressure until the vehicle stops. Depress the clutch pedal just before stopping.
A As per the manufacturer's recommendation.
B Every 30 months.
C Every 30,000 kilometres.
D Once every year.
Correct Answer: A As per the manufacturer's recommendation.
Explanation: Drivers should have their vehicle serviced regularly in accordance with the manufacturers guidelines. This helps the vehicle to perform properly, and as a result saves fuel and reduces emissions. In addition, drivers should also carry out their own daily and weekly checks on fluid levels and tyres.
A To allow the exhaust system to be reconditioned.
B To curb exhaust noise levels only on diesel-powered vehicles.
C To curb exhaust noise levels only on petrol-powered vehicles.
D To reduce harmful exhaust emissions.
Correct Answer: D To reduce harmful exhaust emissions.
Explanation: Catalytic converters are part of a vehicles exhaust system. They help to protect the environment by removing up to 75% of the carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxide and hydrocarbons from the vehicles exhaust.
A Check the interior mirror before opening the door.
B Check their side mirror and look behind before opening the door.
C Open the door and exit the vehicle without delay.
D Open the door part way and then look behind.
Correct Answer: B Check their side mirror and look behind before opening the door.
Explanation: Before opening any door, check for other road users passing, and in particular look out for pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists. Exit the vehicle only when it is safe to do so, and close the door as soon as possible. Where ever possible, passengers should exit on the side nearest the kerb wherever possible.
A Check all around for approaching traffic and pedestrians before opening the door.
B Ensure all valuables are secured and out of sight.
C Ensure the gear lever is in neutral.
D Open the door and try to get out as speedily as possible.
Correct Answer: A Check all around for approaching traffic and pedestrians before opening the door.
Explanation: Before opening any door, check for other road users passing, and in particular look out for pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists. Exit the vehicle only when it is safe to do so, and close the door as soon as possible. Passengers should exit on the side nearest the kerb wherever possible.
A Signal to following traffic to overtake before allowing the passengers to get out.
B Stop and allow them to get out from whichever side of the vehicle they are sitting.
C Stop and allow them to get out on the side nearest the kerb.
D Stop and encourage them to get out as quickly as possible.
Correct Answer: C Stop and allow them to get out on the side nearest the kerb.
Explanation: Before allowing any door to be opened, check for other road users passing, and in particular look out for pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists. Passengers should exit on the side nearest the kerb, without getting in the way of pedestrians.
A Press and release the brake at rapid intervals.
B Press and release the brake at slow intervals.
C Press the brake pedal firmly and hold.
D Press the brake pedal only lightly.
Correct Answer: C Press the brake pedal firmly and hold.
Explanation: If your vehicle is fitted with ABS, brake firmly. ABS will not stop the vehicle more quickly, it will only prevent the wheels from locking. This helps you to maintain control of the vehicle.
A Turn the steering wheel in the opposite direction and apply the handbrake.
B Turn the steering wheel in the opposite direction to improve tyre grip.
C Turn the steering wheel in the same direction as the skid and apply the handbrake.
D Turn the steering wheel in the same direction as the skid and ease off the accelerator.
Correct Answer: D Turn the steering wheel in the same direction as the skid and ease off the accelerator.
Explanation: If your vehicle goes into a four-wheel skid, turn the steering wheel in the same direction as the skid and ease off the accelerator. This should help to bring the wheels back into line and allow you to regain control.
A Press and release the footbrake at rapid intervals.
B Press in the clutch and release the accelerator.
C Pull the handbrake and hold the footbrake down.
D Turn the steering wheel gently from side to side.
Correct Answer: A Press and release the footbrake at rapid intervals.
Explanation: If your vehicle does not have ABS and it goes into a straight-line front-wheel skid due to braking, press and release the brake pedal repeatedly and rapidly. This will help to restore tyre grip and enable you to regain control.
A At least one side lamp front and rear on the side nearest the centre of the road.
B At least one side lamp front and rear on the side nearest the kerb.
C Dipped headlights.
D Tail lights only.
Correct Answer: A At least one side lamp front and rear on the side nearest the centre of the road.
Explanation: When leaving a vehicle on an unlit public road at night this creates a potential danger for other road users. Drivers should therefore leave side/parking lights on, so that the vehicle can be seen by other road users. Drivers should not leave headlights on when parked as this may cause other road users to become disoriented.
A They could be thrown backward if the brakes are applied suddenly.
B They could be thrown forward if the brakes are applied suddenly.
C They could become ill from the motion of the car.
D They could distract other drivers thus drawing attention away from the road.
Correct Answer: B They could be thrown forward if the brakes are applied suddenly.
Explanation: When carrying children in a car or goods vehicle, it is the drivers responsibility to make sure that they are suitably restrained.
A When driving on the flat.
B When driving uphill.
C When reversing slowly.
D When turning sharply.
Correct Answer: D When turning sharply.
Explanation: When you are driving a tractor, you should be aware that tractors are less stable than other vehicles and take extra care when manoeuvring.
A When the jack is not strong enough to lift an axle.
B When the trailer is too heavy to be drawn by the tractor.
C When the trailer is travelling faster than the drawing vehicle.
D When the vehicle slides due to ice or water on the road.
Correct Answer: C When the trailer is travelling faster than the drawing vehicle.
Explanation: Towing a trailer or caravan dramatically reduces the stability of the towing vehicle. If a driver brakes sharply or slows down quickly, the trailer may pivot around the tow hitch coupling, causing both vehicles to go off course, and possibly overturn.
A When driving in an unlit area at night.
B When driving in foggy conditions.
C When parking at all times.
D When parking on an unlit road.
Correct Answer: D When parking on an unlit road.
Explanation: When leaving a vehicle on an unlit public road at night this creates a potential danger for other road users. Drivers should therefore leave side/parking lights on, so that the vehicle can be seen by other road users. Drivers should not leave headlights on when parked as this may cause other road users to become disoriented.
A It could burst the oil filter.
B It could damage the catalytic converter.
C It could damage the oil pump.
D It could reduce the oil pressure.
Correct Answer: B It could damage the catalytic converter.
Explanation: It is essential that the vehicles engine is not over filled with oil as this can permanently damage the Catalytic converter which is part of most vehicles exhaust systems and removes up to 75% of the carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxide and hydrocarbons from the vehicles exhaust. Damaging this increase exhaust emissions.
A Drive a diesel powered vehicle.
B Drive at a higher speed in order to reduce the time spent on the road.
C Have the vehicle's air filters changed regularly.
D Use a fuel additive to increase the fuel octane rating.
Correct Answer: C Have the vehicle's air filters changed regularly.
Explanation: Drivers should have their vehicle serviced regularly in accordance with the manufacturers guidelines. A vehicle with a dirty air filter uses more fuel and creates more exhaust pollution. Air filters should be changed as part of normal servicing. If a vehicle is used in dusty conditions, the air filter may need to be changed more often. More information is available in the vehicle owners handbook.
A Ask someone to guide you when reversing.
B Look in nearside (left) mirror when reversing.
C Open driver's door and look behind.
D Open driver's window and look behind.
Correct Answer: A Ask someone to guide you when reversing.
Explanation: Do not attempt to reverse into an area that you cannot see into properly. You should get assistance from somebody who can guide you safely into the area.
A Increase speed to shorten the journey.
B Increase the air circulation and stop if necessary.
C Keep the radio turned on and windows closed.
D Turn up the heater to maintain driver comfort.
Correct Answer: B Increase the air circulation and stop if necessary.
Explanation: While on a long journey, a driver should take regular rest breaks. A short walk and a caffeinated drink (tea or coffee) can help to revive them. The vehicle should be kept cool and well ventilated with a steady flow of fresh air.
25. When should rear fog lights be used? Please choose one answer
A Always when driving at night in an unlit area.
B In dense fog or falling snow.
C Only in light fog.
D When the vehicle behind is too close.
Correct Answer: B In dense fog or falling snow.
Explanation: A driver must only use rear fog lights in dense fog or falling snow. Using fog lights in normal road and weather conditions can dazzle or blind following motorists. Also, fog lights may make brake lights harder to see.
26. When should rear fog lights be used? Please choose one answer
A Rear fog lights should always be used.
B Rear fog lights should be used only at dawn and dusk.
C When both the rear tail lights are broken.
D When driving in dense fog or falling snow.
Correct Answer: D When driving in dense fog or falling snow.
Explanation: A driver must only use rear fog lights in dense fog or falling snow. Using fog lights in normal road and weather conditions can dazzle or blind following motorists. Also, fog lights may make brake lights harder to see.
A Adjust the mirror to reflect the light back towards the following driver.
B Switch the lights off and on to remind the following driver to dip their lights.
C Turn on the rear fog lights to signal to the following vehicle to turn off their headlights.
D Use the night driving mode on their rear-view mirror.
Correct Answer: D Use the night driving mode on their rear-view mirror.
Explanation: If a driver is being dazzled by the lights of following traffic, they should adjust their rear-view mirror to the night driving mode. This will allow them to concentrate on the road ahead and not be distracted by lights from following traffic.
A Adjust the mirror to reflect the light back towards the following driver.
B Switch on hazard lights.
C Switch on the rear fog lights.
D Temporarily adjust the angle of the mirror.
Correct Answer: D Temporarily adjust the angle of the mirror.
Explanation: If the lights of following traffic reflecting in your interior mirror are dazzling you, activate the night driving/anti dazzle mode. If the vehicle is not equipped with this feature drivers should temporarily adjust the angle of the interior mirror to relieve the glare and allow them to drive without distraction.
A It could dazzle them.
B It could enable them to see the vehicle more clearly.
C It would have no effect on oncoming drivers.
D They could mistake the vehicle for a motorcycle.
Correct Answer: D They could mistake the vehicle for a motorcycle.
Explanation: Motor vehicles (except motorcycles) are required by law to have two headlights. A vehicle with only one headlight could be mistaken for a motorcycle and other road users could believe that it is in a different position on the road than it actually is. Vehicle lights should be checked on a regular basis and repair faulty lighting immediately.
A Accelerate and brake harshly while driving.
B Don't use indicators when turning.
C Only use low gears.
D Use public transport.
Correct Answer: D Use public transport.
Explanation: Using public transport helps to protect the environment. Buses, trams and trains are a more environmentally friendly way to move large numbers of people especially in urban areas. Consider using public transport where possible : not only is it more environmentally friendly, but it can also be more cost-effective when you take the cost of fuel and parking charges into account.
A By continuously lit red lights.
B By flashing amber and white lights.
C By flashing green lights.
D By flashing red or blue lights.
Correct Answer: D By flashing red or blue lights.
Explanation: If you hear or see an emergency vehicle approaching sounding its siren or flashing lights, be extra careful and give way if it is safe to do so.
A Drive with a red flag at the rear left of the trailer.
B Drive with a red flag to the front right-hand side of the trailer.
C Drive with hazard warning lights flashing at all times.
D Make use of extended mirrors to check for following traffic.
Correct Answer: D Make use of extended mirrors to check for following traffic.
Explanation: When towing a high and wide-bodied trailer, a driver should use extended mirrors on both sides of the towing vehicle. This will allow the driver to better observe the traffic situation behind and to the sides.
A Clear enough space in the windscreen to be able to see ahead.
B Drive slowly until the heater and demister have cleared the ice.
C Fully clear ice from all windows.
D Use boiling water to clear the ice.
Correct Answer: C Fully clear ice from all windows.
Explanation: Make sure all the windows are completely clear of ice so that the driver can safely observe road and traffic conditions all around. This is especially important when driving in slippery conditions. It is good practice to carry a can of de-icer in the vehicle and if possible to fill the washer reservoir with a de-icing agent.
A Drive at a reduced speed until the heating system has cleared the ice.
B Switch on the heating system and use a scraper to clear the ice before driving.
C Switch on the windscreen wipers.
D Use boiling water with salt to clear the ice.
Correct Answer: B Switch on the heating system and use a scraper to clear the ice before driving.
Explanation: Make sure all the windows and mirrors are completely clear of ice so that the driver can safely observe road and traffic conditions all around. This is especially important when driving in slippery conditions. It is good practice to carry a can of de-icer in the vehicle and if possible to fill the washer reservoir with a de-icing agent.
A Look in door mirrors only.
B Look in interior mirror only.
C Look over both shoulders and behind.
D Look over right-hand shoulder.
Correct Answer: C Look over both shoulders and behind.
Explanation: Before reversing, look over both shoulders and to the rear to check all around that there are no children or other road users around the vehicle and that it is safe to reverse.
A No specific observations needed, as bystanders will be aware of the vehicle.
B Observations should be made by opening the driver's door and looking behind.
C Observations should be made only in blind spots.
D Observations should be made to the front, sides and rear of the vehicle, including blind spots.
Correct Answer: D Observations should be made to the front, sides and rear of the vehicle, including blind spots.
Explanation: Drivers should not rely solely on an external audible warning device to warn others that their vehicle is reversing. Before reversing, drivers must make sure it is safe to do so by taking all appropriate observations to the front, sides and rear of the vehicle, including the blind spots. Never assume it is safe to reverse just because the vehicle has an external audible warning device.
A Angle the door mirrors down before reversing.
B Check carefully all around before and during the reverse.
C Focus totally on the left side door mirror while reversing.
D Open the left side door fully to look behind.
Correct Answer: B Check carefully all around before and during the reverse.
Explanation: Before and while reversing into a side road, check all around to make sure it is safe and clear to carry out the manoeuvre, paying particular attention to pedestrians crossing behind the vehicle and any other road users.
A At all times in a built-up area.
B Between 10:00 pm and 6:00 am in a built-up area.
C Between 11:30 pm and 6:00 am on any road.
D Between 11:30 pm and 7:00 am in a built-up area.
Correct Answer: D Between 11:30 pm and 7:00 am in a built-up area.
Explanation: Drivers are not permitted to sound the horn in a built-up area between 11:30 pm and 7:00 am unless there is a traffic emergency. Only sound the horn to warn other road users of oncoming danger or if they need to be made aware of your presence for safety reasons. Sounding the horn does not give the driver an automatic right of way. Never sound the horn to provoke a reaction from or to rebuke another motorist.
A Avoid carrying unnecessary weight.
B Fit a roof rack.
C Increase road speed.
D Reduce pressure in all tyres.
Correct Answer: A Avoid carrying unnecessary weight.
Explanation: The more extra weight is in your vehicle, the more fuel you use. Using a roof rack or a roof box increases wind resistance and this also increases fuel consumption : by as much as 15%. Remove roof racks and roof boxes when not in use.
A Driving at a constant speed.
B Harsh acceleration.
C Looking ahead and anticipating traffic flow.
D Turning off air conditioning.
Correct Answer: B Harsh acceleration.
Explanation: Harsh acceleration increases fuel consumption. Driving smoothly reduces wear and tear and also improves fuel consumption. Use the highest gear possible without causing the engine to labour.