Safe and Responsible Driving 4

This test contains 40 questions from the Safe and Responsible Driving category. You must score 35 out of 40 to pass. You may check your answers as you progress or wait for your final score after finishing your test. Best of luck!

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A The driver should drive along the centre of the road and reduce speed.
B The driver should drive on the hard shoulder where available.
C The driver should increase speed so as to shorten the journey.
D The driver should stop and take a break.
Correct Answer: D The driver should stop and take a break.
Explanation: Driving when you are tired can be very dangerous, and it may cause you to micro-sleep (or nod off momentarily). At 100 km/h you travel at 28 metres a second, so if you micro-sleep for just 4 seconds you would travel over 100 metres without being in control of the vehicle. Never drive if you are fighting sleep.
A Be patient and drive so as to arrive safely.
B Drive on smartly and overtake any vehicles preventing progress.
C Drive on the hard shoulder where available.
D Exceed the speed limit if necessary to make up the time.
Correct Answer: A Be patient and drive so as to arrive safely.
Explanation: You should always drive at a speed that allows you to stop safely within the distance you can see to be clear. Being late for an appointment is no excuse for exceeding speed limits or for driving at an unsafe speed. Arrive alive.
A It is not permitted to force oncoming traffic onto the hard shoulder while overtaking.
B When none of the oncoming traffic is overtaking.
C When the hard shoulder is wide enough.
D When the vehicle being overtaken is driving too slow.
Correct Answer: A It is not permitted to force oncoming traffic onto the hard shoulder while overtaking.
Explanation: Overtaking in the manner described here is dangerous. You should overtake another vehicle only when it is safe to do so, both for you and for all other traffic. Before you overtake, make sure the road ahead is clear and that you have enough room to complete the overtaking manoeuvre and return to your own side of the road without forcing any other road user to alter speed or course.
A Reduce speed as there may be loose gravel or mud on the road.
B Sound the horn and maintain normal speed.
C Stop, turn the vehicle around on the road and find an alternative route.
D Switch on headlights as a warning and carry on as normal.
Correct Answer: A Reduce speed as there may be loose gravel or mud on the road.
Explanation: Where earth-moving machinery is working, there are likely to be mud and gravel deposits on the road. Also the noise of such machines might make it hard for road workers to hear the approaching traffic. When you come across earth-moving machinery, slow down and proceed with extreme caution.
A The brake-pad clearance.
B The power of the engine.
C The speed and weight of the vehicle.
D The use of unleaded fuel.
Correct Answer: C The speed and weight of the vehicle.
Explanation: The overall stopping distance of your vehicle depends on its speed and weight : faster and heavier vehicles require greater stopping distances.
A Apply the handbrake immediately.
B Brake firmly and quickly.
C Grip the steering wheel firmly.
D Relax the hold on the steering wheel.
Correct Answer: C Grip the steering wheel firmly.
Explanation: If a front tyre bursts on a vehicle, the steering on the vehicle will become unstable. Don't panic : slow down gradually while keeping a firm hold on the steering wheel. Stop in a safe place to change the wheel, and alert other road users by switching on your hazard warning lights.
A Avoid driving the vehicle with a full tank of fuel.
B Carry a suitable fire extinguisher in the vehicle.
C Keep all water levels filled to the maximum at all times.
D Use low-octane unleaded petrol in the vehicle.
Correct Answer: B Carry a suitable fire extinguisher in the vehicle.
Explanation: A strong smell of fuel is usually an indication that something is wrong, and you should stop and investigate as soon as possible. Leaking or spilling petrol can be dangerous because it is so combustible. It is good practice to carry a fire extinguisher in your vehicle, so that you can deal with any small fires.
A Get out of the vehicle and wait at the rear of it.
B Stand out on the roadway and direct traffic to pass.
C Switch on the vehicle hazard warning lights, get out of the vehicle and stand safely to the side.
D Try to flag down other traffic from the rear of the vehicle for assistance.
Correct Answer: C Switch on the vehicle hazard warning lights, get out of the vehicle and stand safely to the side.
Explanation: If your vehicle breaks down on the road, always switch on the hazard warning lights and stand clear of the vehicle while awaiting assistance : this will warn other traffic that there is a vehicle stopped on the road.
A Drive the front of the vehicle out onto the road to enable other drivers to see you.
B Move out with extreme care, watching carefully to the left and right.
C Seek help from a passer-by.
D Sound the horn and quickly proceed.
Correct Answer: B Move out with extreme care, watching carefully to the left and right.
Explanation: Where your view is obstructed at a junction, you should move carefully into a position where you can see, but without interfering with other road users. You should then assess the situation before you continue.
A Before changing direction.
B Before moving off only.
C Before reversing only.
D Before switching on the rear demister.
Correct Answer: A Before changing direction.
Explanation: You should use your mirrors to stay aware of traffic situations behind and around you. Always check your mirror before you change direction on a road, and before you signal or begin a manoeuvre.
A Ask a passer-by for guidance onto the other road.
B Flash headlights on and off before moving out.
C Move out slowly onto the road while watching carefully for other traffic.
D Sound the horn several times and proceed.
Correct Answer: C Move out slowly onto the road while watching carefully for other traffic.
Explanation: At junctions where the view is obstructed, move carefully into a position where you can see without interfering with other road users. Then assess the situation before you continue.
A Open a window or turn on the air conditioning to let cool air into the vehicle.
B Stop and have a good meal to boost energy levels.
C Stop, take a break including a short walk if possible.
D Turn up the heating.
Correct Answer: C Stop, take a break including a short walk if possible.
Explanation: Driving when you are tired can be very dangerous, and tiredness is one of the main causes of serious road collisions. If you become drowsy while driving, stop in a safe place and take a short nap. Then get some fresh air and stretch your legs for a few minutes before setting off again. Taking a caffeine-based drink such as coffee may also help.
A Pedestrians could be impeded.
B The suspension will be weakened.
C The tyres will lose air pressure.
D Traffic could be impeded.
Correct Answer: A Pedestrians could be impeded.
Explanation: You should never park on a footpath. Pedestrians (including people with young children in pushchairs, prams and also wheelchair users) might have to go onto the road to get around your car, and this could put them in danger.
A Indicate, check the mirror, move out and overtake when safe to do so.
B Indicate, move out and check the mirror for following traffic.
C Mirror check, and move out to overtake without indicating.
D Mirror check, indicate and move out if it is safe to do so.
Correct Answer: D Mirror check, indicate and move out if it is safe to do so.
Explanation: The sequence drivers should follow the mirror - signal - manoeuvre routine when overtaking. Drivers should overtake only when it is safe to do so. Give extra space to cyclists when overtaking them, as they may need to move out to avoid a pothole, or they could be blown into your path on windy days.
A It is unnecessary to give signals provided observation is taken.
B Shout your intentions out of the window.
C The driver's position on the road is a sufficient enough signal.
D Use a clear, decisive hand signal as well.
Correct Answer: D Use a clear, decisive hand signal as well.
Explanation: If the driver is concerned that for whatever reason the indicators are not giving an adequate signal, they should use clear decisive hand signals as well to advise other road users of their intention.
A Flash the lights to alert following traffic of a pedestrian on the road.
B Gesture to the pedestrians to move in off the road.
C Leave a minimum clearance of 30 centimetres.
D Signal their intention to overtake the pedestrians.
Correct Answer: D Signal their intention to overtake the pedestrians.
Explanation: When you are driving on a road without footpaths, drivers should take extra care when they come upon pedestrians on the road. When they intend to move out and overtake, they should check the mirrors and signal to following traffic in good time to alert drivers behind that they are changing direction because of the hazard ahead.
A An oncoming cyclist could never be dazzled by the vehicle lights and wobble off course into the driver's path.
B Cyclists all wear reflective belts, have the correct lighting on their bicycles and are clearly visible.
C Cyclists are much more vulnerable in poor lighting conditions.
D On country roads, cyclists have space in the margin of the road so that a driver can overtake them without reducing speed or moving out.
Correct Answer: C Cyclists are much more vulnerable in poor lighting conditions.
Explanation: Drivers should take extra care when driving on dark winter mornings and evenings : vulnerable road users such as cyclists and pedestrians (particularly schoolchildren) might not be so easy to see in low light conditions.
A That all pedestrians will be wearing reflective armbands and bright clothing.
B That the lack of light will not affect the driver's ability to see vulnerable pedestrians.
C That there could be vulnerable pedestrians walking on the road.
D That there will be no pedestrians walking on the road.
Correct Answer: C That there could be vulnerable pedestrians walking on the road.
Explanation: Drivers should take extra care when driving on dark winter mornings and evenings : vulnerable road users such as cyclists and pedestrians (particularly schoolchildren) might not be so easy to see in low light conditions.
A A driver should expect that pedestrians will be on the footpath and not be in danger of being hit.
B Schoolchildren are more vulnerable on unlit country roads on dark winter mornings and evenings.
C That a driver should drive at all times with sidelights on in order to see pedestrians walking on unlit country roads.
D That the lack of light will not effect the driver's ability to see stray animals on the road.
Correct Answer: B Schoolchildren are more vulnerable on unlit country roads on dark winter mornings and evenings.
Explanation: Drivers should take extra care when driving on dark winter mornings and evenings. Vulnerable road users such as cyclists and pedestrians (particularly schoolchildren) might not be so easy to see in low light conditions.
Correct Answer: B Cyclists.
Explanation: Drivers should be aware of and check blind spots before moving off and changing direction where appropriate. Cyclists can easily become hidden in a blind spot, and in slow-moving traffic, they might be moving faster than you are.
Correct Answer: B Motorcyclists.
Explanation: Before moving off at traffic lights you should be aware of motorcyclists unexpectedly coming up on the left hand side(nearside).
A Maintain your speed but be prepared to stop if necessary.
B Reduce speed and be prepared to stop if necessary.
C Sound the horn and maintain speed.
D Turn on the headlights to warn the children of your presence.
Correct Answer: B Reduce speed and be prepared to stop if necessary.
Explanation: Children can be unpredictable. When driving at a higher speed and children are present, drivers must expect the unexpected, slow down and be prepared to stop if necessary.
A Check the mirrors, indicate and overtake, allowing them sufficient clearance.
B Expect them to move in out of the driver's path.
C Indicate and overtake allowing sufficient clearance.
D Sound the horn and flash the lights to warn them of your presence.
Correct Answer: A Check the mirrors, indicate and overtake, allowing them sufficient clearance.
Explanation: People on the road are more vulnerable than vehicles so you should treat them with extra care. If you see people jogging ahead, use the mirror 'signal' manoeuvre routine and give plenty of clearance to the joggers when you are overtaking them.
A Allow extra clearance in case the cyclist swerves to avoid a pothole.
B Change to a lower gear and overtake quickly.
C Expect the cyclist to keep to the left and maintain speed.
D Maintain course and sound the horn to alert the cyclist of their approach.
Correct Answer: A Allow extra clearance in case the cyclist swerves to avoid a pothole.
Explanation: You should always be aware of how vulnerable cyclists are. When you are driving on a road with potholes or bad surfaces, give plenty of clearance to the cyclists when overtaking them. Take into account that they may swerve suddenly to avoid potholes.
A Cyclists may come up on the left (nearside).
B Cyclists might come up on the right (offside).
C Following traffic must have room to overtake.
D To approach as close to the kerb as possible.
Correct Answer: A Cyclists may come up on the left (nearside).
Explanation: When turning left, drivers should be aware that cyclists and pedestrians may come up on the left (nearside) . Always check to your left (nearside) before you make a left turn.
Correct Answer: C Pedestrians.
Explanation: Where there is no footpath, pedestrians are required to walk on the side of the on-coming traffic and drivers should be aware of this. Pedestrians are vulnerable road users so drivers should always be aware of their presence, especially on country roads.
A Drive as close as possible to the line of reflective studs.
B Drive close to the left to avoid oncoming traffic.
C Drive on the centre of the road.
D Watch out for pedestrians wearing dark clothing.
Correct Answer: D Watch out for pedestrians wearing dark clothing.
Explanation: While driving at night and even with the best headlights, it can be very difficult to see all the hazards that you might come across : for example, pedestrians wearing dark clothing. As always drivers should drive at a speed that will enable them to stop safely within the distance they can see to be clear ahead.
A Always switch off your radio to avoid distractions.
B Drive closer to the vehicle in front.
C Keep a safe distance from the vehicle in front.
D Never drive below the posted speed limit.
Correct Answer: C Keep a safe distance from the vehicle in front.
Explanation: The driver should keep a safe distance from the vehicle in front remembering that they are entering a tunnel and tailgating could create an emergency. The minimum recommended safe distance for a car or motor cycle is 50 metres and is 100 metres for all other vehicles. Always remember the 2 second rule.
A Keep close to the vehicle in front.
B Leave the vehicle.
C Stop at the nearest emergency exit.
D Switch on hazard warning lights.
Correct Answer: D Switch on hazard warning lights.
Explanation: If there is traffic congestion in a tunnel, you should switch on hazard lights and remain patient. Keep a safe distance from the vehicle in front even in slow-moving traffic. Listen for traffic messages on the tunnel radio station, if available.
A Move forward to encourage them to complete the crossing quickly.
B Signal the pedestrians that the lights have changed and drive on.
C Sound the horn as a warning to them that lights have changed.
D Wait as long as necessary to enable them to complete the crossing.
Correct Answer: D Wait as long as necessary to enable them to complete the crossing.
Explanation: A green traffic light means you may go if the way is clear. If pedestrians are crossing, give way to them and let them safely cross before proceeding.
A Drive close behind the vehicle to encourage the driver to pull in.
B Drive close behind the vehicle to show your intention to overtake.
C Maintain a distance behind to avoid undue pressure.
D Overtake the vehicle as quickly as possible.
Correct Answer: C Maintain a distance behind to avoid undue pressure.
Explanation: Show patience and courtesy when driving behind a learner driver. Learner drivers are not as experienced as other road users and may drive erratically when put under pressure.
A Better than an experienced driver.
B In the same way as an experienced driver.
C Quicker than an experienced driver.
D Slower than an experienced driver.
Correct Answer: D Slower than an experienced driver.
Explanation: You should be patient when driving behind a learner driver. Learners may not anticipate and react to unusual traffic situations as well as an experienced driver might.
A Minibus drivers.
B Motorcyclists.
C Tractor Drivers.
D Van drivers.
Correct Answer: B Motorcyclists.
Explanation: Drivers should be aware that no vehicle has an automatic right of way at a junction. Drivers must pay particular attention to vulnerable road users such as motorcyclists whose presence on the road may be less visible than other vehicle types due to their smaller size or obstructions.
Correct Answer: B Cyclists.
Explanation: Before moving off at traffic lights and particularly when turning left you should be aware of cyclists and motorcyclists coming up on the left in general. In particular where there is an advanced stop line for cyclists ahead of that for other road users.
A Beckon them to cross as quickly as possible.
B Rev the engine to encourage them to hurry along.
C Sound the horn as a warning and proceed with care.
D Wait patiently until they have finished crossing.
Correct Answer: D Wait patiently until they have finished crossing.
Explanation: A green traffic light means you may go if the way is clear. If pedestrians are crossing at a pelican crossing, give way to them and let them safely cross before proceeding.
Correct Answer: D The right-hand lane.
Explanation: When a driver approaches a roundabout where two lanes are provided, they should choose the most suitable one based on the road markings and the exit they intend to take off the roundabout. The left lane is generally used for vehicles exiting to the left (9 o'clock) or straight ahead (12 o'clock) and the right is for vehicles exiting at any exit after 12 o'clock.
A Approach by straddling both lanes.
B Approach in any lane available.
C Approach in the left-hand lane.
D Approach in the right-hand lane.
Correct Answer: C Approach in the left-hand lane.
Explanation: When a driver intends to take any exit between the 6 o'clock and 12 o'clock positions they should generally approach the roundabout in the left lane unless road markings dictate otherwise.
A At either side of the middle of the road.
B At the far left-hand side of the road.
C At the far right-hand side of the road.
D Just left of the middle of the road.
Correct Answer: D Just left of the middle of the road.
Explanation: In general, the correct position to be in before turning right is just left of the centre of the road. Where the road is wide enough, this position allows traffic coming from behind and going straight ahead to pass safely on the left. The driver should be alert for road markings which direct them to follow a certain course.
A Commence turn in front of oncoming traffic as they must yield to traffic turning right.
B Stop and signal traffic to exit left from the minor road.
C Stop and signal traffic to exit right from the minor road.
D Yield right of way to oncoming traffic and to pedestrians crossing at the junction.
Correct Answer: D Yield right of way to oncoming traffic and to pedestrians crossing at the junction.
Explanation: The driver must yield to oncoming traffic and to pedestrians who are already crossing when turning right from a major road to a minor road.
A Ensure that dipped headlights are switched on.
B Ensure that full headlights are switched on.
C Only use dipped headlights if there is other traffic in the tunnel.
D Switch on hazard warning lights to alert other traffic of their presence.
Correct Answer: A Ensure that dipped headlights are switched on.
Explanation: In general, a driver should switch on their dipped headlights before entering a tunnel.