Safe and Responsible Driving 3

This test contains 40 questions from the Safe and Responsible Driving category. You must score 35 out of 40 to pass. You may check your answers as you progress or wait for your final score after finishing your test. Best of luck!

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A Be alert for oncoming and crossing traffic at the end of the slip road.
B Maintain motorway speeds to the end of the slip road.
C The driver must always stop at the end of a slip road.
D The driver should continue at the junction as traffic on the slip road has right of way.
Correct Answer: A Be alert for oncoming and crossing traffic at the end of the slip road.
Explanation: The driver should check for signs showing a lower speed; Use the speedometer to make sure that they are obeying the reduced speed limit; remember that the slip roads and link roads between motorways may include sharp bends and that they may encounter junctions and other traffic. Remember that motorway rules no longer apply.
A Carry on as normal as they always have the right of way.
B Give way to traffic approaching firstly from the left and then the right.
C Give way to traffic approaching from the left only.
D Traffic approaching from the driver's right has right of way.
Correct Answer: D Traffic approaching from the driver's right has right of way.
Explanation: If a driver is at a junction where the roads are of equal importance, traffic on the driver's right has the right of way. The driver must let that traffic pass before moving on. It is important to understand that the right of way is not an absolute right. Drivers must proceed with caution whilst showing regard for other users of the road.
A The driver approaching the roundabout always has right of way.
B The driver must give way to traffic approaching from the right or already on the roundabout.
C The driver must only give way to heavy goods vehicles on the roundabout.
D The driver must only give way to pedestrians and cyclists on the roundabout.
Correct Answer: B The driver must give way to traffic approaching from the right or already on the roundabout.
Explanation: Drivers should always approach roundabouts with caution. They should be prepared to give way to traffic on the right, traffic already on the roundabout, pedestrians already crossing and to always stop if necessary.
A Always stop at the end of the acceleration lane and yield to traffic on the motorway
B Drive along the hard shoulder until a suitable gap appears in the motorway traffic to allow the driver to merge into it.
C Drive directly onto the motorway as the driver on the acceleration lane has right of way.
D Try to match the vehicle speed to that of traffic already on the motorway and merge into it in a suitable gap.
Correct Answer: D Try to match the vehicle speed to that of traffic already on the motorway and merge into it in a suitable gap.
Explanation: When joining a motorway a driver should try to match their speed to that of the motorway traffic and merge into it when a suitable gap appears, avoiding driving in the hard shoulder, while yielding to traffic already on the motorway.
A A driver is never permitted to pick up or set down passengers on a motorway.
B It is not permitted, except during daylight hours.
C It is only permitted within 200 metres of a slip-road.
D It is permitted provided that the driver stops on the hard-shoulder.
Correct Answer: A A driver is never permitted to pick up or set down passengers on a motorway.
Explanation: Motorways are designed so that traffic can move faster and more freely. It is illegal and dangerous to stop a vehicle on any part of a motorway except in an emergency or when signalled to do so by a Garda.
A Cross to the opposite side of the motorway when there is a suitable gap in the oncoming traffic.
B Leave the motorway at the next exit and cross to the other side using the fly-over (or underpass).
C Stop on the hard shoulder, switch on their hazard lights and reverse back to the desired exit.
D Wait on the hard shoulder until a suitable gap appears in traffic from both directions and then cross to the opposite side of the motorway.
Correct Answer: B Leave the motorway at the next exit and cross to the other side using the fly-over (or underpass).
Explanation: If a driver misses their intended exit when driving on a motorway, they should proceed to the next junction exit where they can leave the motorway and then rejoin it on the opposite side of the motorway.
A Always reduce speed gradually for a few kilometres.
B Brake severely when entering the slip road in order to slow down.
C Comply with the speed limit on the road the driver is joining.
D There is never a need to adjust speed when on a slip road.
Correct Answer: C Comply with the speed limit on the road the driver is joining.
Explanation: When a driver is leaving a motorway, they should enter the deceleration lane and reduce their speed. They should comply with the speed limit of the road they are entering.
A Carefully complete a U-turn.
B Drive on and leave at the next exit.
C Stop on the hard shoulder and reverse back to the exit.
D Use the emergency telephone to ask for advice.
Correct Answer: B Drive on and leave at the next exit.
Explanation: If a driver misses their intended exit when driving on a motorway, they should proceed to the next junction exit where they can leave the motorway and then rejoin it in the opposite direction.
A Learner permit holders must be accompanied by a full licence holder.
B Traffic generally travels at lower speeds on a motorway than on a dual-carriageway.
C Traffic is generally permitted to travel at a higher speed on a motorway.
D Traffic travelling at 120 km/h must only use the outside lane of a motorway.
Correct Answer: C Traffic is generally permitted to travel at a higher speed on a motorway.
Explanation: Motorways are designed so that traffic can move faster and more freely, without traffic lights, crossroads, level crossings and other road features that might slow down traffic. There are also restrictions on who may use a motorway : for example L-drivers and motorcycles under 50 cc are prohibited.
A Check for following traffic and overtake in either lane.
B Signal, use their mirrors and overtake in any available lane when it is safe to do so.
C Use their mirrors, signal and overtake in the left-hand lane only.
D Use their mirrors, signal and overtake in the right-hand lane when it is safe to do so.
Correct Answer: D Use their mirrors, signal and overtake in the right-hand lane when it is safe to do so.
Explanation: When a driver wants to overtake on a motorway, they should generally only overtake on the right unless traffic is travelling in slow moving queues. The driver should use the Mirror - Signal - Mirror (blind spots) - Manoeuvre routine. Check mirrors, signal intention, check mirrors again (and blind spots), and complete the manoeuvre when it is safe to do so. They should pay particular attention to the speed of the traffic behind them before they move out. When they have finished overtaking, they should move back into the left-hand lane smoothly.
A Exiting the motorway.
B Joining the motorway.
C Stopping in an emergency.
D Stopping to use a mobile phone.
Correct Answer: C Stopping in an emergency.
Explanation: There are extra dangers when driving on a motorway because of the increased volume of traffic and higher speed. For safety reasons a driver should not drive or stop on the hard shoulder of a motorway except in an emergency or breakdown.
A A driver should give way to buses only.
B A driver should never turn left across a bus lane.
C Give way to cyclists and taxis which may be using the bus lane.
D Give way to cyclists, taxis and buses which may be using the bus lane.
Correct Answer: D Give way to cyclists, taxis and buses which may be using the bus lane.
Explanation: If a driver needs to cross a bus lane on their left in order to enter a property, they should take extra care that there are no buses, taxis or cyclists in the bus lane. They should check mirrors, signal and turn into the property when it is safe to do so.
A Buses and motorised wheelchairs only.
B Buses on a scheduled service.
C Buses, taxis and cyclists.
D Buses, taxis and motorcycles.
Correct Answer: B Buses on a scheduled service.
Explanation: A contra-flow bus lane is one that runs in the opposite direction to traffic beside it. Only buses on a scheduled service may use a contra-flow bus lane.
A All traffic.
B Buses only.
C Buses, taxis and cyclists.
D Vehicles with more than one passenger.
Correct Answer: C Buses, taxis and cyclists.
Explanation: A bus lane is a special lane for the use of buses. A with-flow bus lane is one that runs in the same direction as the traffic beside it. Taxis and cyclists may also use with-flow bus lanes. Other traffic may use them outside the hours posted on the accompanying plate.
A In the left-hand lane unless the driver wishes to overtake or turn right.
B In the right-hand lane except when driving a works vehicle or HGV.
C In the right-hand lane.
D n either lane.
Correct Answer: A In the left-hand lane unless the driver wishes to overtake or turn right.
Explanation: You must normally drive in the left-hand lane of a dual carriageway, except when overtaking or turning right a short distance ahead.
16. What does a 2-plus-1 road have? Please choose one answer
A Barriers between lanes of traffic going in the same direction.
B Barriers between the hard shoulder and the verge.
C Two lanes for cars and one lane for trucks and buses.
D Two lanes of traffic in one direction and one in the opposite direction.
Correct Answer: D Two lanes of traffic in one direction and one in the opposite direction.
Explanation: A 2-plus-1 road consists of two lanes in one direction of travel and one lane in the other direction. The two-lane section allows for safe overtaking and alternates with a one-lane section roughly every 2 kilometres.
A Be alert for other drivers who may suddenly change lanes or reduce speed.
B Match the speed to that of the vehicle in front.
C Match the speed to that of the vehicle in the adjoining lane.
D Relax because there will be no oncoming traffic.
Correct Answer: A Be alert for other drivers who may suddenly change lanes or reduce speed.
Explanation: Motorways and dual carriageways are designed to help traffic travel faster and more safely between destinations. Traffic conditions can change very quickly because of the speed and increased volumes of traffic and lanes, and you need to be particularly alert to other drivers changing lanes or reducing speed.
A Constantly manoeuvre between whichever lane has the least volume of traffic.
B Drive in the nearside (left-hand) lane unless intending to overtake.
C Drive in the offside (right-hand) lane as the nearside (left-hand)lane is for HGVs and buses only.
D Drive in the offside (right-hand) lane unless intending to take a left exit.
Correct Answer: B Drive in the nearside (left-hand) lane unless intending to overtake.
Explanation: The normal keep left rules apply when you are driving on a motorway : a driver should stay in the nearside (left hand) lane unless they are overtaking.
A Danger of 'aquaplaning' or sliding across the road surface.
B Danger that tyre pressure will automatically increase.
C There is no danger provided that the tyre pressure has been increased to take account of weather conditions.
D There is no danger provided that the tyre pressure has been reduced to take account of weather conditions.
Correct Answer: A Danger of 'aquaplaning' or sliding across the road surface.
Explanation: The driver should moderate their speed during heavy rain or where water is building up on the road surface. This will help to avoid 'aquaplaning' which has the effect of reducing the grip of the tyres on the road, and this affects the steering and braking. For these reasons the driver should slow down during and after rain and keep a greater distance from the vehicle in front.
A Apply the brakes immediately and put on the hazard warning lights.
B Change to a lower gear and pump the brakes to see how slippery the surface is.
C Gradually increase speed so that the mud on the road will not stick to the tyres.
D Reduce speed and be aware of farm or works vehicles on the road.
Correct Answer: D Reduce speed and be aware of farm or works vehicles on the road.
Explanation: Where there is mud on the road you should slow down and be aware that there is a danger of skidding. Your stopping distance will also be greater where there is mud on the road.
A Steering is improved.
B Tyre grip is improved.
C Tyre grip is not affected.
D Tyre grip is reduced.
Correct Answer: D Tyre grip is reduced.
Explanation: Riding on just 2 wheels, riders need to be on the constant lookout for irregularities and other problems with the road surface. This can include all road markings.
A Apply the brake pedal lightly at slow speed for a short distance to dry the brakes.
B Apply the brakes firmly to check if they are still effective.
C Apply the handbrake gradually to dry out the rear brakes only.
D Increase the speed of the vehicle to dry out the brakes.
Correct Answer: A Apply the brake pedal lightly at slow speed for a short distance to dry the brakes.
Explanation: When driving through a flooded section of road, brakes may become less effective. If this happens, test brakes to ensure that they have not been affected by the water : check mirrors before doing so. If they have been affected, press gently on the brake pedal when driving until they dry out and return to normal.
A Decrease speed and use a higher gear.
B Drive in a low gear as slowly as possible keeping the revs high.
C Increase speed and use a higher gear.
D Use a high gear and maintain the same speed keeping the engine revs low.
Correct Answer: B Drive in a low gear as slowly as possible keeping the revs high.
Explanation: When approaching a stretch of road with shallow flooding, reduce speed and assess the area for any danger. When driving through surface water, drive in a low gear as slowly as possible keeping the revs high to avoid stalling.
A Engage a higher gear to avoid getting stuck in soft tar.
B Increase speed and move to the centre of the road.
C Increase speed until signalled to slow down by a flagman.
D Reduce speed and be prepared to stop for works vehicles or a flagman.
Correct Answer: D Reduce speed and be prepared to stop for works vehicles or a flagman.
Explanation: A driver should always approach roadworks with caution as there are many possible hazards to deal with including road workers, works vehicles, uneven road surfaces and temporary traffic controls.
A Narrower lanes than usual and restricted shoulder areas.
B That road workers are always aware of the movement of traffic.
C That the area will be cleared for the driver so that there are no traffic delays.
D That the driver always has the right of way over works vehicles.
Correct Answer: A Narrower lanes than usual and restricted shoulder areas.
Explanation: When travelling through a section of roadworks, a driver needs to be extra careful, as the road surface area may be considerably reduced. It may be narrower, uneven, slippery or there may be loose chippings which may pose a danger for road workers and other road users.
A Drive as close as is possible to the right-hand side of the road.
B Drive as close as possible to the left-hand side of the road.
C Drive in either lane as there is no oncoming traffic
D Drive occupying both lanes when approaching the end of the street.
Correct Answer: A Drive as close as is possible to the right-hand side of the road.
Explanation: When a driver wants to turn right on a one way street, they should check their mirrors, signal right and manoeuvre into the right-hand side when it is safe to do so. Then complete the turn into the appropriate lane of the street they are entering.
A Apply the brakes regularly to check road surface.
B Apply the brakes regularly to prevent them from freezing.
C Avoid harsh braking, steering and acceleration.
D Only use a low gear to improve traction.
Correct Answer: C Avoid harsh braking, steering and acceleration.
Explanation: If a driver suspects black ice, they should avoid harsh braking, steering and acceleration. This will help reduce the risk of skidding.
A In mild weather on a coastal road.
B In sheltered or shaded areas.
C On a hard shoulder only.
D Only in built-up areas.
Correct Answer: B In sheltered or shaded areas.
Explanation: Black ice is an almost invisible and thin coating of ice on the road surface. Because it is hard to see, it is particularly dangerous. When the temperature drops close to freezing you can expect to see black ice - particularly in sheltered or shaded areas of the roadway under trees or beside high walls. In wintry conditions, if you notice a reduction in tyre noise or if the steering becomes lighter, you should suspect that there may be black ice on the road.
A Drive at a slower speed than usual using gentle acceleration and braking.
B Drive at normal speed but apply the brakes from time to time to check for grip.
C Drive in a low gear at all times using maximum acceleration.
D Rely completely on the ABS or other advanced driver assistance systems.
Correct Answer: A Drive at a slower speed than usual using gentle acceleration and braking.
Explanation: When driving on icy roads a driver should avoid harsh braking, steering and acceleration. This will help reduce the risk of skidding.
A Front tyre pressure increases.
B Rear tyre pressure increases.
C The vehicle would be more likely to skid.
D Tyre grip improves in lower temperatures.
Correct Answer: C The vehicle would be more likely to skid.
Explanation: Icy roads can have a dramatic effect on the way a vehicle handles, and there can be an increased risk of skidding. When driving on icy roads a driver should avoid harsh braking, steering and acceleration. This will help reduce the risk of skidding.
A Accelerate harder using only the lower gears.
B Brake regularly to improve tyre grip.
C Drive slower than normal keeping a close distance to the vehicle in front.
D Use gentle acceleration and braking.
Correct Answer: D Use gentle acceleration and braking.
Explanation: Tyres have less grip on the road when it is wet or icy. Slow down in slippery conditions, and keep a greater distance from the vehicle in front.
A Drive with extreme caution.
B Press the clutch and brake together.
C Press the clutch only.
D Select neutral gear position.
Correct Answer: A Drive with extreme caution.
Explanation: Be extra careful when negotiating steep hills or humpbacked bridges in slippery conditions. Slow down gently on the approach, select the appropriate gear for the speed of the vehicle and use gentle steering and acceleration.
A Road signs and road markings may become obscured.
B The air in the tyres may freeze, causing them to burst.
C The brake fluid may freeze, causing the brakes to fail.
D The power steering fluid may freeze causing the steering to fail.
Correct Answer: A Road signs and road markings may become obscured.
Explanation: Road signs and road markings may become obscured by snow. If this happens you may have difficulty reading regulatory, warning and information signs. This is the main reason why these signs are different shapes. Drivers should pay particular attention when travelling in these conditions.
A Be aware that the vehicle may slide or "aquaplane".
B Increase speed so that the vehicle will glide over any standing water.
C Maintain normal speeds as on a dry road.
D Weave the vehicle slightly in order to improve tyre grip.
Correct Answer: A Be aware that the vehicle may slide or "aquaplane".
Explanation: On a wet road, a film of water can build up between the tyres and the road surface. This is called aquaplaning and it has the effect of reducing the grip of the tyres on the road, and this affects the steering and braking. For these reasons the driver should slow down during and after rain and keep a greater distance from the vehicle in front.
A Dipped headlights.
B Front Fog lights.
C Main Beam headlights.
D Side lights.
Correct Answer: A Dipped headlights.
Explanation: Drivers should dip their headlights when driving behind another vehicle so the driver in front is not dazzled by your lights in their mirror.
A When driving at less than 50 km/h.
B When driving at more than 100 km/h.
C When meeting or driving behind other traffic.
D When there is no oncoming traffic.
Correct Answer: C When meeting or driving behind other traffic.
Explanation: When driving at night drivers should dip their main beam headlights when meeting or following traffic to avoid dazzling or endangering other road users.
A That all pedestrians will be wearing high visibility clothing.
B That speed limits do not apply between midnight and 6 am.
C That there is a danger of themselves or other drivers falling asleep.
D That trucks may drive in the outside lane of a motorway.
Correct Answer: C That there is a danger of themselves or other drivers falling asleep.
Explanation: Driving when tired can be very dangerous and driver fatigue is one of the main causes of serious road collisions. If a driver becomes drowsy while driving, they should stop in a safe place take a caffeine-based drink and take a short nap. After this they should then get some fresh air and stretch their legs for a few minutes before setting off again. The only cure for fatigue is proper sleep. Never ever drive when tired.
A Do not look directly at the lights.
B Look at the dashboard momentarily.
C Shield their eyes with their hand.
D Turn their head to the right.
Correct Answer: A Do not look directly at the lights.
Explanation: If dazzled by the lights of an oncoming vehicle, do not look directly at the oncoming lights. Instead glance towards the verge until the vehicle has passed and/or slow down and stop if necessary. This will avoid any temporary blindness caused by the brightness of the oncoming lights.
A Switch on fog lights as a warning to pedestrians.
B Use fog lights on a badly lit country road.
C Use fog lights only in dense fog and falling snow.
D Use fog lights to improve visibility during light rain.
Correct Answer: C Use fog lights only in dense fog and falling snow.
Explanation: A driver should use fog lights only during dense fog or falling snow. They must be switched off at all other times.
A Black ice only occurs on motorways.
B Only in the early hours of the morning.
C Only late at night.
D When the temperature drops close to freezing.
Correct Answer: D When the temperature drops close to freezing.
Explanation: Black ice is an almost invisible and thin coating of ice on the surface of the road. Sometimes it can look like a sheet of water or as if the road is wet.