Safe and Responsible Driving 2

This test contains 40 questions from the Safe and Responsible Driving category. You must score 35 out of 40 to pass. You may check your answers as you progress or wait for your final score after finishing your test. Best of luck!

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A In built up areas where there is good street lighting
B This practice is not permitted.
C When following a vehicle a short distance ahead.
D When there is no oncoming traffic.
Correct Answer: D When there is no oncoming traffic.
Explanation: Drivers should use the main beam headlights, to improve visibility, when driving at night in unlit rural areas : this will enable them to see as far ahead as possible. Making sure, however, that these lights are dimmed where necessary to avoid dazzling or inconveniencing other road users.
Correct Answer: A 100 metres.
Explanation: At night in good driving conditions the full headlights of a car will typically let you see 100 metres ahead. So, you should travel at a speed that allows you to stop within that distance.
Correct Answer: B 30 metres.
Explanation: When driving at night in good driving conditions the dipped headlights of a car will typically let you see 30 metres ahead. So, you should travel at a speed that allows you to stop in that distance.
A Oncoming road users could be dazzled.
B The headlights could overheat.
C The wattage of the headlights could be reduced.
D Visibility could be increased.
Correct Answer: A Oncoming road users could be dazzled.
Explanation: You are responsible for making sure that your vehicle is roadworthy and that its headlights are adjusted correctly. If the headlights are out of line they are less effective and may dazzle oncoming traffic, even when dipped.
A Drive well to the left and maintain normal speed.
B Look towards the verge and slow down and stop if necessary.
C Reduce speed and switch on the full headlights.
D Repeatedly flash the headlights to warn the offending driver.
Correct Answer: B Look towards the verge and slow down and stop if necessary.
Explanation: If you are dazzled by the lights of an oncoming vehicle, look towards the verge until the vehicle has passed. Slow down and stop if necessary.
A Drive at a higher speed than during the day as traffic is lighter at night.
B Drive at a higher speed than during the day to minimise the chances of following asleep.
C Drive at a slower speed than in the day as visibility is reduced at night.
D Drive at the same speed as during the day as there is no extra danger.
Correct Answer: C Drive at a slower speed than in the day as visibility is reduced at night.
Explanation: If you are not familiar with driving at night time, it can take quite a while to adjust to conditions. For that reason, you might need to drive slower until you get used to the reduced visibility at night.
A Drive at a higher speed than during the day to reduce the chances of falling asleep.
B Drive at a speed that enables the driver to stop within the distance ahead that they can see to be clear.
C Increase vehicle speed as traffic is lighter at night.
D Maintain normal vehicle speed and drive with full headlights.
Correct Answer: B Drive at a speed that enables the driver to stop within the distance ahead that they can see to be clear.
Explanation: When driving at night in good driving conditions the full headlights of a car will typically let you see 100 metres ahead. So, you should travel at a speed that allows you to stop in that distance.
A Drive at a speed that enables the driver to stop within the distance ahead that they can see to be clear.
B Drive at the maximum speed limit with dipped headlights on at all times.
C Drive at the maximum speed limit with full headlights on to see clearly ahead.
D Drive with full headlights on at all times.
Correct Answer: A Drive at a speed that enables the driver to stop within the distance ahead that they can see to be clear.
Explanation: When driving at night in good driving conditions the dipped headlights of a car will typically let you see 30 metres ahead. So, you should travel at a speed that allows you to stop in that distance.
A Avoid looking directly at the oncoming vehicle's lights.
B Focus eyes directly on the oncoming vehicle's lights.
C Focus eyes directly on the steering.
D Increase speed to pass the oncoming vehicle.
Correct Answer: A Avoid looking directly at the oncoming vehicle's lights.
Explanation: If you are dazzled by the lights of an oncoming vehicle, look towards the verge until the vehicle has passed and/or slow down and stop if necessary.
A Avoid using the brake and use a high gear.
B Keep close to the left and brake sharply to reduce speed.
C Select an appropriate gear and brake gently to control speed.
D Use a higher gear than normal in order to avoid wheel spin.
Correct Answer: C Select an appropriate gear and brake gently to control speed.
Explanation: When travelling downhill in snow or ice, you should select a lower gear to take advantage of engine braking and use the brakes very gently when you need to.
A 15 metres.
B 25 metres.
C 5 metres.
D 55 metres.
Correct Answer: B 25 metres.
Explanation: The total minimum stopping distance of a vehicle depends on four things; perception time, reaction time, the vehicles reaction time and the vehicle braking capability. The recommend minimum stopping distance of a car driving at 50 km/h under dry conditions is 25 metres.
A 16 metres.
B 36 metres.
C 56 metres.
D 76 metres.
Correct Answer: B 36 metres.
Explanation: The total minimum stopping distance of a vehicle depends on four things; perception time, reaction time, the vehicles reaction time and the vehicle braking capability. The recommend minimum stopping distance of a car driving at 50 km/h under wet conditions is 36 metres.
A 120 metres.
B 30 metres.
C 70 metres.
D 90 metres.
Correct Answer: C 70 metres.
Explanation: The total minimum stopping distance of a vehicle depends on four things; perception time, reaction time, the vehicles reaction time and the vehicle braking capability. The recommend minimum stopping distance of a car driving at 100 km/h under dry conditions is 70 metres.
A Allow a least two vehicle lengths for each kilometre per hour.
B By allowing at least two vehicle lengths between the vehicles.
C By using a fixed point and applying the two second rule.
D Drive at the same speed as the vehicle in front.
Correct Answer: C By using a fixed point and applying the two second rule.
Explanation: A driver can judge a safe distance from the vehicle in front by using the two second rule. This is measured by picking a fixed point. As the vehicle in front passes it, begin saying "only a fool breaks the two second rule". If you pass the fixed point before you have finished the phrase, then your vehicle is too close, safely slow and increase your distance from the vehicle in front.
A By allowing at least four seconds to elapse between the vehicle in front and the driver's own vehicle passing a fixed point.
B By allowing at least two seconds to elapse between the vehicle in front and the driver's own vehicle passing a fixed point.
C By allowing four vehicle lengths between the vehicles.
D By allowing two vehicle lengths between the vehicles.
Correct Answer: A By allowing at least four seconds to elapse between the vehicle in front and the driver's own vehicle passing a fixed point.
Explanation: In wet conditions you should maintain a gap of at least four seconds from the vehicle in front : at least twice as long as in dry conditions.
A "Only a fool breaks the four second rule."
B "Only a fool breaks the one second rule."
C "Only a fool breaks the three second rule."
D "Only a fool breaks the two second rule."
Correct Answer: D "Only a fool breaks the two second rule."
Explanation: A driver can judge a safe distance from the vehicle in front by using the two second rule. This is measured by picking a fixed point. As the vehicle in front passes it, begin saying "only a fool breaks the two second rule". If you pass the fixed point before you have finished the phrase, then your vehicle is too close, safely slow and increase your distance from the vehicle in front.
A Drive with dipped headlights and fog lights.
B Drive with full headlights and fog lights.
C Drive with sidelights and fog lights.
D Drive with sidelights and hazard warning lights.
Correct Answer: A Drive with dipped headlights and fog lights.
Explanation: In dense fog you should use dipped headlights and fog lights (where fitted). Sidelights are not strong enough in fog, and full headlights can reflect off the fog and make it harder to see where you are going.
A A car width.
B A door width.
C The width of a side mirror.
D The width of an average person.
Correct Answer: B A door width.
Explanation: When you are passing parked vehicles, you should leave at least a door's width of clearance in case somebody opens their car door unexpectedly, this will also increase visibility of pedestrians in the area.
A The brake fluid is less effective in wet weather.
B The suspension of the vehicle is lighter in wet weather.
C The tyres have less road grip than in dry weather.
D The tyres have more grip than in dry weather.
Correct Answer: C The tyres have less road grip than in dry weather.
Explanation: When driving on wet road surfaces the grip of your tyres is reduced which may lead to significantly longer stopping distances. Drivers should be aware of these conditions and reduce speed as stopping quickly may result in skidding.
A Braking only will be less effective.
B Steering and braking will be less effective.
C Steering and braking will be more effective.
D Steering will be more effective.
Correct Answer: B Steering and braking will be less effective.
Explanation: When driving on a road where there is a lot of surface water, a film of water can build up between the tyres and the road surface. When this occurs it is called aquaplaning, it reduces the grip of the tyres on the road and can result in the total loss of control over the vehicles steering and braking.
A A driver should press their hand against the windscreen.
B Increase speed so as to avoid causing damage to the vehicle.
C Slow down and allow extra clearance to other traffic.
D Stop the vehicle until the loose chippings can be removed.
Correct Answer: C Slow down and allow extra clearance to other traffic.
Explanation: Where there are loose chippings on the road, you should slow down and comply with any reduced speed limit and leave extra room (or clearance) between your vehicle and other traffic. This will also give you more time to stop if you need to, and it will help to reduce the amount of chippings your vehicle throws up against other vehicles and possible injury to pedestrians.
A It improves the vehicle's braking ability.
B It improves tyre grip on bends.
C It increases tyre noise.
D It makes the road more slippery.
Correct Answer: D It makes the road more slippery.
Explanation: Diesel spilt on the road can make the road surface extremely slippery, particularly if the road is wet.
A It improves the vehicle's braking ability.
B It improves tyre surface grip.
C It increases tyre surface noise.
D It reduces the tyre surface grip.
Correct Answer: D It reduces the tyre surface grip.
Explanation: A patch of oil or diesel on the road can seriously reduce the grip of your tyres on the road, which may result in a possible skid.
A Apply the brakes sharply from time to time to test the road surface.
B Drive at lower speeds and use gentle acceleration and braking.
C Drive at normal speed but allow extra stopping distance.
D Maintain a normal distance from the vehicle in front.
Correct Answer: B Drive at lower speeds and use gentle acceleration and braking.
Explanation: When driving in slippery road conditions, drivers should be particularly smooth and gradual in the way they accelerate and brake. This will help to avoid skidding or slipping and helps to maintain control of the vehicle.
A It can increase perception and awareness.
B It can reduce a driver's confidence.
C It does not affect driver behaviour or ability.
D It slows down a driver's reactions.
Correct Answer: D It slows down a driver's reactions.
Explanation: Alcohol is a major factor in collisions that can lead to death and injury. Even small amounts of alcohol affect your judgement and ability to drive.
A It improves coordination.
B It increases awareness.
C It increases concentration.
D It reduces concentration.
Correct Answer: D It reduces concentration.
Explanation: Alcohol is a major factor in collisions that lead to death and injury. Even small amounts of alcohol affect your judgement, your concentration and your ability to react to hazards. A driver should never ever drink and drive.
A Drink plenty of water while driving.
B Drive for short distances only.
C Drive slower when under the influence of medication that affects driving.
D Seek medical advice in relation to driving.
Correct Answer: D Seek medical advice in relation to driving.
Explanation: Some medication can affect a drivers ability to drive safely. If you are on medication of any kind, you should ask your doctor or pharmacist to tell you if it is safe to drive while taking it. Read the patient information leaflet supplied with the medication.
A Generally, it doubles the braking distance of that required on a dry surface.
B It makes no difference to the required braking distance.
C It reduces the braking distance of that required on a dry surface.
D Modern tyres provide grip on a wet road as effectively as on a dry road.
Correct Answer: A Generally, it doubles the braking distance of that required on a dry surface.
Explanation: When it is wet, your tyres do not grip the road surface as well as when it is dry and your stopping distance is increased. For these reasons you should slow down during or after rain and keep a greater distance from the vehicle in front.
A Continue to signal right for a distance.
B Gradually move back into the left when the vehicle has been passed.
C Move back in front of the vehicle and reduce speed.
D Move immediately into the left after passing the vehicle.
Correct Answer: B Gradually move back into the left when the vehicle has been passed.
Explanation: After overtaking, check your mirrors, signal and return to your normal lane position as soon as it is safe. Take a smooth easy line, gradually moving back in and allowing the other vehicle plenty of space and don't cut in sharply.
A It will force oncoming vehicles to suddenly slow causing danger.
B It would force the other vehicle to suddenly slow or change direction causing danger.
C The driver would not need to indicate when moving in.
D The safety gap between the vehicles increases.
Correct Answer: B It would force the other vehicle to suddenly slow or change direction causing danger.
Explanation: When overtaking make sure the road ahead is clear so you have enough distance to overtake and get back to your own side of the road without forcing any other road user to adjust speed or direction. When you are well past the vehicle, check the mirrors, signal and gradually return to the original lane, making sure not to cut across the vehicle you have passed.
A Allow sufficient clearance when passing.
B Increase speed to overtake the vehicles as quickly as possible.
C Keep close to the parked vehicles allowing maximum room for oncoming traffic.
D Move as far to the right as possible.
Correct Answer: A Allow sufficient clearance when passing.
Explanation: When you are passing parked vehicles in a residential area, move into a safe overtaking position in good time and leave plenty of clearance between your vehicle and the parked vehicles to increase visibility of small children in the area and in case someone opens their car door in front of you.
A The normal distance.
B Twice the normal distance.
C Up to half the normal distance.
D Up to ten times the normal distance.
Correct Answer: D Up to ten times the normal distance.
Explanation: When driving in snow or icy conditions a driver should allow a greater distance from the vehicle in front as stopping distances can be increased by up to ten times the normal.
A Accelerate at a greater rate than other drivers so as to facilitate overtaking.
B Check that other road users have cleared the junction and move off with care.
C Move off quickly and then check the mirrors.
D Move off slowly and then check the mirrors.
Correct Answer: B Check that other road users have cleared the junction and move off with care.
Explanation: When stopped at traffic lights and the green light comes on, you should check to ensure the way is clear and proceed only if it is safe to do so.
A Be patient and show restraint.
B Flash the headlights to express displeasure.
C Pursue the vehicle and express displeasure.
D Sound the horn and flash the lights to show your frustration.
Correct Answer: A Be patient and show restraint.
Explanation: You should always try to show restraint. It is important to understand that the right of way is not an absolute right of way, and you must always proceed with caution and with regard for other road users. It's safer and more socially responsible.
A A driver should not drive until they are calm.
B Being upset or angry does not affect driving.
C Drive faster than normal for a distance.
D Drive slower than normal for a distance.
Correct Answer: A A driver should not drive until they are calm.
Explanation: If you drive when you are angry or upset, you are more likely to be involved in a collision, and more likely to react to other drivers bad behaviour. Take the time to calm down and compose yourself before you set out on a journey.
A Allow the overtaking vehicle to pass and return safely to the left side of the road.
B Maintain position and flash the headlights to warn the oncoming traffic.
C Maintain position because other drivers should not have attempted to overtake.
D Speed up so the following vehicle cannot overtake.
Correct Answer: A Allow the overtaking vehicle to pass and return safely to the left side of the road.
Explanation: When you are being overtaken and there are oncoming vehicles, you should show consideration for all the other traffic and allow the overtaking vehicle to move in front of you to avoid the risk of a collision.
A Be patient and not retaliate.
B Drive closely behind them so other vehicles cannot do the same.
C Drive faster to make up for lost time.
D Flash the headlights to express their annoyance.
Correct Answer: A Be patient and not retaliate.
Explanation: If another driver behaves badly, you should not let it annoy you : show restraint and don't react. Road rage only increases the risk of a collision.
A Continue on your journey and arrange for repair when convenient.
B If on a motorway, stop and change the wheel immediately.
C Maintain speed until a place to change the wheel is identified.
D Stop at a safe place and change the wheel.
Correct Answer: D Stop at a safe place and change the wheel.
Explanation: If you get a puncture while driving, find a suitable and safe place to stop and change the wheel. If you cant find a suitable place immediately, drive slowly (with your hazard warning lights turned on) to avoid further damage to the tyre or rim until a safe place is found.
A Increase speed until travelling at the same speed as the traffic in the right lane, then move over and check mirrors.
B Move gradually into the right-hand lane, indicate and then check mirrors.
C Pull in and stop, wait until a suitable gap appears and then move out to the right-hand lane.
D Use the mirror, signal and move into the right-hand lane when a suitable gap appears in the traffic in that lane.
Correct Answer: D Use the mirror, signal and move into the right-hand lane when a suitable gap appears in the traffic in that lane.
Explanation: Any time you change lanes, you should use the Mirror "Signal" Mirror (blind spots) - Manoeuvre routine. Check your mirrors, signal your intention, check your mirrors again (and your blind spots), and when a suitable gap becomes available manoeuvre the vehicle into the next lane, giving way to traffic already in that lane.
A Move the phone as needed and keep the call to just a few minutes.
B Secure the phone between head and shoulders while steering with both hands.
C Steer with one hand.
D Stop at a safe location before using the phone.
Correct Answer: D Stop at a safe location before using the phone.
Explanation: It is an offence and very unsafe to use a hand-held mobile phone while driving a vehicle or riding a motorbike as it prevents you from concentrating fully on your driving. While using a hands-free phone kit is not illegal, in some circumstances it could be a dangerous distraction, and you could be prosecuted for dangerous driving, careless driving or driving without due care and attention. If a driver needs to make a call they should pull in and stop in a place where it is safe to do so.