Managing Risk 1

This test contains 40 questions from the Managing Risk category. You must score 35 out of 40 to pass. You may check your answers as you progress or wait for your final score after finishing your test. Best of luck!

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A Carry on and check the problem later.
B Continue for a distance to see if the light goes out.
C Continue to drive and listen for any unusual sounds.
D Stop and check the problem.
Correct Answer: D Stop and check the problem.
Explanation: If a system warning light lights up while you are driving, you should stop in a safe place as soon as possible and investigate the problem before deciding what action to take. It is important to understand the meaning of your vehicles warning lights, information on which can be found in the vehicles handbook.
A Continue on and listen for any unusual sounds.
B Continue on and see if it goes out.
C Drive to the nearest garage and have it checked.
D Stop and investigate the cause.
Correct Answer: D Stop and investigate the cause.
Explanation: If a red system warning light comes on while you are driving, you should stop in a safe place as soon as possible and investigate the problem before deciding what action to take. It is important to understand the meaning of your vehicles warning lights, information on which can be found in the vehicles handbook.
A They are a substitute in case of brake-light failure.
B They reflect light at night to make other road users aware of the vehicle.
C They warn pedestrians of the vehicle's location.
D They warn the driver behind to switch to main beam.
Correct Answer: B They reflect light at night to make other road users aware of the vehicle.
Explanation: Motor vehicles are fitted with red reflectors to make it easier to be seen by other road users. Drivers should keep reflectors clean, intact and check them by shining a light on them to make sure that they are working effectively. Whilst driving, drivers should be cautious as red reflectors may be an indication of both parked/stationery or moving vehicles ahead.
A Adjust the fuel mixture control mechanism.
B Have the vehicle checked by a competent person.
C Replace the engine oil filter.
D Switch to a different fuel.
Correct Answer: B Have the vehicle checked by a competent person.
Explanation: If the driver notices that the vehicle seems underpowered when driving, this could present a number of problems, e.g. lack of power when overtaking. The driver should have it checked by a competent person as soon as possible as there may be a number of causes, some of which may deteriorate further.
A Drive at a reduced speed.
B Open the windows and continue on.
C Stop where safe and investigate.
D Turn on the fan to clear the air.
Correct Answer: C Stop where safe and investigate.
Explanation: A strong smell of fuel is usually an indication that something is wrong, and drivers should stop and investigate as soon as possible. Leaking or spilling petrol can be dangerous because it is so combustible, and leaking diesel fuel can make the road very slippery.
A Do not drive until an anti-waxing agent is added to the coolant.
B Drive to the nearest service depot and top-up the water in the radiator.
C Remove the filler cap from the radiator and check for leakage.
D Stop in a safe place and have the problem investigated.
Correct Answer: D Stop in a safe place and have the problem investigated.
Explanation: Many vehicles are fitted with various warning lights and gauges. A warning light or a red zone on a temperature gauge means the engine is starting to overheat and the vehicle should not be driven until the problem is rectified. Refer to the vehicle handbook for further information and guidance or seek advice from a competent person.
A Increase speed to increase the air flow into the engine compartment.
B Remove the filler cap from the coolant bottle.
C Stop where safe and investigate the cause.
D Top up with anti-freeze immediately.
Correct Answer: C Stop where safe and investigate the cause.
Explanation: If a driver notices steam rising from the engine compartment of their vehicle, they should stop where safe and only investigate the cause once it has cooled down. Do not remove a radiator or header tank cap when the engine is hot. Steam rising from the engine is an indication that the engine is overheating and it should not continue to be driven. Refer to the vehicle handbook for further information and guidance or seek advice from a competent person.
A Have it repaired by a competent repair shop.
B Have it sandpapered and keep the affected area dry.
C Have paint sprayed over it of the same colour.
D Treat the area with grease and paint over it.
Correct Answer: A Have it repaired by a competent repair shop.
Explanation: Over time vehicles may become affected by rust to various degrees. Drivers should inspect their vehicles periodically and if they find signs of rust they should have it assessed and repaired if necessary to prevent further deterioration. A weakened vehicle structure may have serious consequences in the event of a collision.
A It would improve the vehicle's road-holding ability.
B It would not have any effect provided speed is reduced.
C It would reduce the driver's ability to control the vehicle.
D Overloading will not reduce the ability to control the vehicle.
Correct Answer: C It would reduce the driver's ability to control the vehicle.
Explanation: Overloading your vehicle will make it more difficult to control, and will increase the risk of a collision.
A It could cause the clutch to slip while accelerating.
B It could cause the gear box to overheat.
C It could cause the vehicle to overheat.
D It could make the vehicle unstable while turning.
Correct Answer: D It could make the vehicle unstable while turning.
Explanation: When loading a vehicle you should ensure that the load is distributed evenly. An unevenly distributed load may change the vehicles centre of gravity and this could affect the braking and steering.
A To enable the driver to drive faster in the dark.
B To enable the driver to see properly.
C To increase the lifespan of the headlights.
D To reduce battery consumption.
Correct Answer: B To enable the driver to see properly.
Explanation: A driver should ensure their headlights are properly aligned so as not to dazzle oncoming drivers and also to see properly themselves.
A At major service intervals.
B At minor service intervals.
C Daily before driving.
D When wintertime approaches.
Correct Answer: C Daily before driving.
Explanation: A driver is responsible for their vehicles roadworthiness and they should check it daily before driving. Among the checks they should make are that all the lights are clean and in working order.
A It can cause other bulbs to blow if not fixed immediately.
B It can cause the bulb to overheat.
C It can increase the brightness of the beam in the other headlight.
D It can reduce and distort the beam.
Correct Answer: D It can reduce and distort the beam.
Explanation: A driver is responsible for their vehicles roadworthiness and they should check it at regular intervals. Among the checks they should make are that all the lights are in working order. If they find defects in the lights, such as a broken lens, they should have them repaired or replaced as soon as possible.
A Drive with the hazard lights on.
B Not drive until the bulb is replaced.
C Replace it temporarily with the brake-light bulb.
D Replace it temporarily with the near-side (left-hand side) bulb.
Correct Answer: B Not drive until the bulb is replaced.
Explanation: A driver is responsible for their vehicles roadworthiness and they should check it at regular intervals. Drivers must not drive on the road unless their vehicles headlights are in good working order, adjusted properly and clean.
A By standing at the rear of the vehicle and checking as another person presses the brake pedal.
B By standing at the rear of the vehicle and getting another person to turn on side lights.
C They would notice the brake pedal become firmer under pressure.
D They would notice the brake pedal getting softer under pressure.
Correct Answer: A By standing at the rear of the vehicle and checking as another person presses the brake pedal.
Explanation: In order for a driver to know that the rear brake lights are working correctly, they should stand at the rear of the vehicle and check that the brake lights come on while another person presses the brakes.
A No, it is never permitted to be driven.
B No, unless driving in a built-up area.
C Yes, during lighting-up times.
D Yes, outside of lighting-up times.
Correct Answer: A No, it is never permitted to be driven.
Explanation: A driver must always ensure that their vehicles brake-lights are clean and working correctly before driving on a public road. Never drive a vehicle when the brake lights are not working properly.
A A cold drink.
B A hot drink.
C A non-alcoholic drink.
D No drink should be given.
Correct Answer: D No drink should be given.
Explanation: A person who has been injured in a collision should not be given anything to drink, as this could cause them to choke. Ideally trained personnel should be consulted before attending to an injured person. Call the emergency services (on 999 or 112) or make sure that someone else has called them.
A Move the person to the nearest hospital immediately.
B Raise the person's head and hold it in that position.
C Try and get the person to drink something warm.
D Try to keep the person warm with a blanket or overcoat.
Correct Answer: D Try to keep the person warm with a blanket or overcoat.
Explanation: If a person is unconscious following a collision, a driver should try to keep them warm with a blanket or overcoat until the emergency services arrive. Call the emergency services (on 999 or 112) or make sure that someone else has called them.
A The Irish Insurance Federation.
B The National Driver Licence Service (NDLS)
C The driver's insurance company and the Gardaí.
D The local Motor Taxation Office.
Correct Answer: C The driver's insurance company and the Gardaí.
Explanation: If you are involved in a serious collision, you should always report it to the Gardaí and to your insurance company.
A Exchange all relevant details with the other driver.
B Exchange no details but report the incident to the Gardaí.
C Give their name and address only to the other person.
D Submit a written report to the Insurance Bureau of Ireland.
Correct Answer: A Exchange all relevant details with the other driver.
Explanation: If a you are involved in a collision with another vehicle where nobody is injured, you should exchange all the relevant details with the other driver including name, address, vehicle registration, make and model and all insurance details.
A Contact the haulage company who own the vehicle.
B Keep well clear and call the emergency services.
C Try to move the vehicle to a safe place.
D Try to prevent any further leakage of hazardous materials before raising the alarm.
Correct Answer: B Keep well clear and call the emergency services.
Explanation: If a driver arrives at the scene of a collision involving a vehicle carrying hazardous materials, they should keep well clear of the scene. Call the emergency services on 999 or 112 and give them as much information as you can about the marking labels on the vehicle. You should also warn other road users about the danger. Allow the emergency services to do any rescuing.
A By checking the horse power of the engine.
B By counting the number of seats.
C By measuring the size of the boot.
D By referring to the vehicle manufacturer's specification.
Correct Answer: D By referring to the vehicle manufacturer's specification.
Explanation: Design Gross Vehicle Weight is the term used by manufacturers for the weight of the vehicle together with the maximum load it is designed to carry. Drivers must understand the carrying capacity of their vehicle. Overloading your vehicle will make it more difficult to control, and its an offence.
A The combined weight of the vehicle and its trailer.
B The manufacturer's specifications.
C The size of the tyres on the vehicle.
D The strength of the tow bar.
Correct Answer: B The manufacturer's specifications.
Explanation: The maximum weight that your vehicle can safely tow is specified by the manufacturer, and is usually set out in the drivers handbook for the vehicle, and in some cases on a plate attached to the vehicle. This is the safe towing limit for the vehicle and you should not exceed it.
A Provided the load is evenly distributed, it improves the stability of the vehicle.
B The load can make the vehicle more difficult to control, but only when going downhill.
C The load can make the vehicle more difficult to control, but only when reversing.
D The load can make the vehicle more difficult to control.
Correct Answer: D The load can make the vehicle more difficult to control.
Explanation: Overloading your vehicle will make it more difficult to control. Remember: its an offence to overload a vehicle.
A The maximum air pressure of the tyre.
B The maximum load a tyre can carry.
C The maximum load of the vehicle.
D The maximum load per axle.
Correct Answer: B The maximum load a tyre can carry.
Explanation: The load index indicates the maximum weight that a tyre can support safely. When replacing a tyre on your vehicle, you should make sure that the new tyre maintains the proper load index for the vehicle.
A They could cause a fire.
B They could dazzle oncoming drivers.
C They could reduce battery life.
D They could wear out the bulbs prematurely.
Correct Answer: B They could dazzle oncoming drivers.
Explanation: A driver should ensure their headlights are properly aligned so as not to dazzle oncoming drivers and also to see properly themselves.
A It has no effect provided the brakes are good.
B It increases the distance required to stop.
C It increases the efficiency of the brakes.
D It reduces the distance required to stop.
Correct Answer: B It increases the distance required to stop.
Explanation: When driving a vehicle which is carrying a load, the driver should be aware that the forces acting on the vehicle will increase the distance required to stop. The driver should allow for this by increasing the distance from the vehicle in front.
A It has no effect on stopping distance.
B It increases the efficiency of the brakes.
C It increases the stopping distance.
D It reduces the stopping distance.
Correct Answer: C It increases the stopping distance.
Explanation: If you are towing a loaded trailer, you need to be aware that your braking distance could be considerably greater, depending on the weight and size of the trailer. The driver should allow for this by increasing the distance from the vehicle in front.
A The driver should ensure that tyre pressure is correct, in line with the manufacturer's recommendations.
B The driver should increase the front tyre pressure in order to cope with sustained high speed.
C The driver should increase the rear tyre pressure in order to cope with sustained high speed.
D The driver should reduce tyre pressure because high speeds will cause them to heat up.
Correct Answer: A The driver should ensure that tyre pressure is correct, in line with the manufacturer's recommendations.
Explanation: he driver should ensure that the tyre pressure of their vehicle is correct at all times. Correct tyre pressure is especially important when travelling long distances, on motorways and at speed.
A Halt all traffic until it has been established who is at fault.
B Move all passengers and put a red warning triangle on the road.
C Take care when moving damaged vehicles and make every effort to warn other traffic.
D Wait for the Gardaí to arrive before moving the vehicles.
Correct Answer: C Take care when moving damaged vehicles and make every effort to warn other traffic.
Explanation: In a collision where nobody is injured and there is only minor damage to vehicles, the vehicles should be moved to the side of the road to ensure that they do not cause an obstruction or endanger other road users.
A It is not necessary to report it to the Gardaí provided it has been reported to the property owner.
B It is only necessary to report the incident to the Gardaí within 10 days.
C Report the incident both to the property owner and the Gardaí within 48 hours.
D There is no need to report the incident if there is no damage to the vehicle.
Correct Answer: A It is not necessary to report it to the Gardaí provided it has been reported to the property owner.
Explanation: If the incident causes damage to property only and there is a Garda present, it must be reported to the Garda. If there is no Garda present, the owner or the person in charge of the property must be informed. If neither are present then the relevant information must be provided at a Garda Station as soon as possible.
A Always move the victim and the vehicles.
B Move the vehicles out of the way to avoid causing obstruction.
C Move the victim only if there is a risk of fire or further injury.
D Move the victim to the side of the road.
Correct Answer: C Move the victim only if there is a risk of fire or further injury.
Explanation: Never move an injured person at the scene of a collision unless there is a risk of fire or further injury. Moving an injured person could add to their injuries. Trained personnel know best how to attend to injured persons. Call the emergency services (on 999 or 112) or make sure that someone else has called them.
A The emergency services.
B The injured person's insurance company.
C The injured person's solicitor.
D The person's relatives.
Correct Answer: A The emergency services.
Explanation: Where somebody has been injured in a collision, it is important to call the emergency services immediately on 999 or 112. Trained emergency services personnel know best how to attend to injured persons.
A If it is not covered, clothing can get caught in it.
B If it is not covered, the tractor will speed up rapidly.
C If it is not disengaged, the battery will run flat.
D If it is not disengaged, the steering will lock.
Correct Answer: A If it is not covered, clothing can get caught in it.
Explanation: If you are working at the rear of a tractor, you should bear in mind that if the power take-off shaft is not covered, loose clothing might get caught in it and lead to injury or death.
A Ask a bystander to warn traffic by beckoning them from the middle of the road.
B Ensure the vehicle is in first gear and the wheels are facing the roadway.
C Ensure the vehicle is in reverse gear and front wheels are facing the roadway.
D Wear reflective clothing and switch on the vehicle hazard warning lights.
Correct Answer: D Wear reflective clothing and switch on the vehicle hazard warning lights.
Explanation: When changing a wheel at the side of the road, switch on the vehicle hazard warning lights, and wear reflective or light-coloured clothing. This will help other motorists to react and slow down when passing.
A Drive at a slower speed than normal.
B Drive the vehicle only if accompanied.
C Ensure that the load is properly restrained.
D Refuse to drive the vehicle.
Correct Answer: D Refuse to drive the vehicle.
Explanation: You should not take a vehicle that you believe to be overloaded onto a public road. Overloading is dangerous, as it affects the stability and braking capabilities of the vehicle.
A It could impair the vehicle's steering and braking.
B It could improve braking ability when going downhill.
C It could improve road holding on bends.
D It could improve the vehicle's fuel consumption.
Correct Answer: A It could impair the vehicle's steering and braking.
Explanation: You should not take an overloaded trailer onto a public road. An overloaded trailer impairs the stability, steering and braking of the towing vehicle.
A Apply the handbrake, lower the jockey wheel and switch off the engine.
B Apply the handbrake, switch off the ignition and engage a low gear.
C Disconnect the electrical supply to the trailer lights and lower the jockey wheel.
D Lower the jockey wheel and then switch off the ignition.
Correct Answer: B Apply the handbrake, switch off the ignition and engage a low gear.
Explanation: Before unhitching a trailer, apply the handbrake, switch off the ignition and engage a lower gear, so that the towing vehicle does not move while you are unhitching the trailer.
A 0.6 millimetres
B 1 millimetre
C 1.6 millimetres
D 2.6 millimetres
Correct Answer: C 1.6 millimetres
Explanation: All road vehicles, except motorcycles and vintage vehicles, must have a minimum tyre tread depth of 1.6 mm over the main tread. However, for safety reasons, you should replace the vehicles tyres before they become this worn.
A The road holding ability of the vehicle is increased.
B The road holding ability of the vehicle is reduced.
C The suspension compensates for any unevenness in the road surface.
D The wheel alignment keeps the tyres in full contact with the road.
Correct Answer: B The road holding ability of the vehicle is reduced.
Explanation: Driving at high speed is a factor that affects road holding. At higher speeds the airflow under a vehicle reduces tyre grip on the road and when you are approaching a bend or corner, the momentum of the vehicle makes it more difficult to change direction.